Review Article | Volume 10, Supplement 2, July, 2022

Microbe-mediated bioremediation: Current research and future challenges

Divjot Kour Sofia Shareif Khan Harpreet Kour Tanvir Kaur Rubee Devi Pankaj Kumar Rai Christina Judy Chloe McQuestion Ava Bianchi Sara Spells Rajinikanth Mohan Ashutosh Kumar Rai Ajar Nath Yadav   

Open Access   

Published:  Jun 20, 2022

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2022.10s202

The rise in environmental pollution over the past few decades due to rapid industrialization and unsafe agricultural practices has become a major challenge. The presence of toxic pollutants such as nuclear wastes, heavy metals, pesticides, and hydrocarbons has been languishing the environment as well as the human health. Bioremediation using microbial communities is emerging as an incredible, eco-friendly, and cost-effective approach to ameliorate the adverse effects of toxic pollutants. Microbes possess astonishing metabolic capabilities to alter most forms of organic material and can survive in extreme environmental conditions which make them attractive candidate for the bioremediation. Microbes are the treasure houses for environmental cleaning and recovering of contaminated soil and they have been reported from diverse environmental conditions including hot, cold, drought, and saline. Different groups of bioremediating microbes have reported from diverse conditions, that is, bacteria, fungi including yeast, and algae. Microbes belonging to genera Alcaligenes, Aspergillus, Bacillus, Flavobacterium, Ganoderma, Methosinus, Nocardia, Phormidium, Pseudomonas, Rhizopus, Rhodococcus, and Stereum have been reported as potential and efficient bioremediators for the degradation of different pollutants of the environment such as xenobiotics, heavy metals, hydrocarbons, and paper and pulp effluent. The present review focuses on microbial diversity in bioremediation, techniques applied in bioremediation, bioremediation of different environmental pollutants, and how bioremediation processes could be monitored.

Keyword:     Bioremediation Microbes Monitoring Techniques Biotechnological applications Sustainability


Kour D, Khan SS, Kour H, Kaur T, Devi R, Rai PK, Judy C, McQuestion C, Bianchi A, Spells S, Mohan R, Rai AK, Yadav AN. Microbe-mediated bioremediation: Current research and future challenges. J App Biol Biotech. 2022;10(Suppl 2):6-24. DOI:

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

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Manali Singh, Kuldeep Jayant, Shivani Bhutani, Anshi Mehra, Tanvir Kaur, Divjot Kour, Deep Chandra Suyal, Sangram Singh, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav

Microbes mediated plastic degradation: A sustainable approach for environmental sustainability

Harpreet Kour, Sofia Shareif Khan, Divjot Kour, Shafaq Rasool, Yash Pal Sharma, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Sangram Singh, Kundan Kumar Chaubey, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav

Antimicrobial and anticancer potential of soil bacterial metabolites - a comprehensive and updated review

A. Ram Kumar,, S. Kumaresan

Beneficial microorganisms for healthy soils, healthy plants and healthy humans

Ajar Nath Yadav, Divjot Kour, Neelam Yadav

Biotechnological potential of secondary metabolites: Current status and future challenges

Sofia Sharief Khan, Divjot Kour, Seema Ramniwas, Shaveta Singh, Sanjeev Kumar, Satvinder Kour, Roshi Sharma, Harpreet Kour, Shafaq Rasool, Sarvesh Rustagi, Sangram Singh, Kundan Kumar Chaubey, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav

Toxins in plant pathogenesis: Understanding the role of toxins in host-pathogen interaction

Seweta Srivastava, Akhilesh Chandrapati, Aakash Gupta, Meenakshi Rana, Arun Karnwal, Kanuri Komala Siva Katyayani, Raghavendra Reddy Manda, Dipshikha Kaushik, Shaptadvipa Bhattacharjee, Ravindra Kumar

A systematic review of conventional and advanced approaches for the control of plant viruses

Priyanka Chauhan, Kajal Singla, Mamta Rajbhar, Anjali Singh, Nilanjan Das, Kapila Kumar

Effect of extraction techniques on anthocyanin from butterfly pea flowers (Clitoria ternatea L.) cultivated in Vietnam

Nguyen Minh Thuy, Tran Chi Ben, Vo Quang Minh, Ngo Van Tai

Molecular detection of Haemophilus influenzae isolated from eye swabs of patients with conjunctivitis in Hilla Province, Iraq

Jundi Alak Mahdi Al-Buhilal, Abdulkadir Kareem Rhumaid, Alyaa Mohammed H. Al-Tabtabai, Niran Kadhim F. AL-Rubaey

An overview on role of fungi in systematic plastic degradation

Sakshi Varshney, Varsha Gupta, Ajar Nath Yadav, Ravi Kant Rahi, Devki, Deepesh Kumar Neelam

Biodiversity of psychrotrophic microbes and their biotechnological applications

Ajar Nath Yadav, Neelam Yadav, Shashwati Ghosh Sachan, Anil Kumar Saxena

Biodiversity, mechanisms, and potential biotechnological applications of minerals solubilizing extremophilic microbes: A review

Rubee Devi, Tanvir Kaur, Rajeshwari Negi, Babita Sharma, Sohini Chowdhury, Monit Kapoor, Sangram Singh, Sarvesh Rustagi, Sheikh Shreaz, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ashok Yadav, Divjot Kour, Ajar Nath Yadav