Impact of different levels of iron fertilizer on growth and yield physiology of Kodo millet under rainfed conditions – An overview

R. Samundeswari N. Jeyapandiyan M. Anitha J. Patricia Kalaiarasi R. Susan Poonguzhali C. Jayapradha S. Rathikannu K. Udhaya Kumar   

Open Access   

Published:  Oct 13, 2022

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2023.110203
Abstract

Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is a minor cereal that is grown to a large extent in the southern states of India. The crop is remarkably drought resistant and is grown primarily rainfed, though in small areas under irrigation. This is the coarsest among the food grains. The grain is easily preserved and proved as a good famine reserve and a poor man’s food. Kodo millet crop is more susceptible to iron deficiency in the early stage of growth, and the plant becomes stunted in early seedling stages. If deficiency is prolonged, plants will die. Iron deficiency in kodo millet causes chlorosis, decreased vegetative growth, and marked yield losses. Therefore, Fe fertilizers, either applied to the soil or delivered to the foliage, are used to control Fe deficiency in the field. To improve the current Fe chlorosis condition, practical correction methods to be taken into account are state-of-the-art all related scientific knowledge, integrating physiological, biochemical, and agronomical data. In all cases, Fe fertilization leads to episodes of high Fe concentration in the rhizosphere, roots, or in the plant shoot tissues.


Keyword:     Growth physiology Iron deficiency Kodo millet Yield attributes


Citation:

Samundeswari R, Jeyapandiyan N, Anitha M, Kalaiarasi JP, Poonguzhali RS, Jayapradha C, Rathikannu S, Kumar KU. Impact of different levels of iron fertilizer on growth and yield physiology of Kodo millet under rainfed conditions – An overview. J App Biol Biotech. 2022. https://doi.org/10.7324/JABB.2023.110203

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

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