Records of wild mushrooms in the Philippines: A review

Rich Milton R. Dulay Joshua N. Batangan Sofronio P. Kalaw Angeles M. De Leon Esperanza C. Cabrera Kenichiro Kimura Fumio Eguchi Renato G. Reyes   

Open Access   

Published:  Oct 01, 2022

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2023.110202
Abstract

Mushrooms are vital source of nutritious and functional food and income for humankind. They are widely reported as reservoir of highly varied biologically active compounds, which have been shown a variety of pharmacological properties particularly antioxidants, antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, and among others. Hence, increasing attention has been paid to the diversity, ethnomycology, cultivation, and application of wild useful mushrooms worldwide. In this context, this review aimed to establish the checklist of naturally occurring mushrooms in the Philippines based on the available reports from 2001 to 2021. A total of 2371 identified mushrooms from 64 available reports were taxonomically classified into 447 species, 193 genera and 72 families. The largest family was represented by Polyporaceae (72 species), followed by Agaricaceae (33), Hymenochaetaceae (18), Ganodermataceae (16), Psathyrellaceae (16), Marasmiaceae (15), Rusullaceae (15), Mycenaceae (14), Meruliaceae (13), and Tricholomataceae (12). However, the most reported species of Philippine wild mushrooms were Schizophyllum commune, Ganoderma lucidum, Ganoderma applanatum, Auricularia polytricha, and Microporus xanthopus. To the best of our knowledge, this is the most comprehensive checklist of wild mushroom species in the Philippines available to date, and approximately 75% of the species are considered newly reported species for the country. This review also highlights the ethnomycologically important, successfully cultivated, and pharmacologically significant wild mushroom species, describes the current status and challenges of Philippine mushroom research, and provides future opportunities. We hope that this review can provide comprehensive reference that will ignite high interest among Filipino researchers to achieve the maximum value and profitability of Philippine wild useful mushrooms.


Keyword:     Philippine wild mushrooms Species checklist Polyporaceae Mycodiversity conservation Useful mushrooms


Citation:

Dulay RMR, Batangan JN, Kalaw SP, De Leon AM, Cabrera EC, Kimura K, Eguchi F, Reyes RG. Records of wild mushrooms in the Philippines: A review. J App Biol Biotech. 2022. https://doi.org/10.7324/JABB.2023.110202

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

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176. Dulay RM, Kalaw SP, Reyes RG, Alfonso NF, Eguchi F. Teratogenic and toxic effects of lingzhi or reishi medicinal mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum (W.Curt.:Fr.) P. Karst. (Higher basidiomycetes), on zebrafish embryo as model. Int J Med Mushrooms 2012;14:507-12.https://doi.org/10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v14.i5.90

177. Dulay RM, Kalaw SP, Reyes RG, Cabrera EC. Embryo-toxic and teratogenic effects of Philippine strain of Lentinus tigrinus (tiger sawgill basidiomycetes) extract on zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. Ann Biol Res 2014;5:9-14.

178. Dulay RM, Rivera AG, De Castro ME. Wild paddy straw mushroom (Volvariella volvacea) exhibits toxic and teratogenic effects in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryo. Int J Biol Pharm Allied Sci 2017;6:910-7.

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182. Dulay RM, Apolinar AA, Tiniola RC, Kalaw SP, Reyes RG. Aphrodisiac and diuretic activity of Philippine wild higher basidiomycetes, Ganoderma lucidum (W.Curt.:Fr.) P. Karst., extract in male mice (Mus musculus). Adv Environ Biol 2016d;10:144-9.

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