Research Article | Volume 11, Issue 1, January, 2023

Comparative analysis of Physico-chemical properties and fatty acid composition of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) oils of Indian accessions

Nagabhushanam Beema Nagaraju Mukkamula Srinivas Mothuku Ravinder Thumu Thirupathi Azmeera Kiran Kumar Biman   

Open Access   

Published:  Nov 22, 2022

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2023.110112
Abstract

The aim of the current study was to investigate the variation in oil content, fatty acid composition, and physico-chemical characteristics of different accessions of linseed oil (Linum usitatissimum L.). Significant variations in fatty acid composition, oil content and physico-chemical properties were observed in linseed accessions, among them, unsaturated and saturated fatty acid compositions were ranged from 79.23–86.66% to 12.61–19.99%, respectively, in total fatty acid compositions. The highest content of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) was found to be major in BHU-A (53.39%) accession followed by BHU-B (53.14%) accessions, whereas the lowest one was found in the accession IC 564631 (38.07%). The current investigation found varying results for the physico-chemical characteristics of linseed oil, such as Iodine value (173.39–178.83 g Iodine/100 g), acid value (2.10–3.04 mg KOH/g), saponification value (192.16–193.49 mg KOH/g), peroxide value (1.52–2.12 meq/Kg), refractive index (1.471–1.472 RI at 40°C), and viscosity (23.37–27.95 at 40°C (cSt)). The findings of our current investigation revealed that linseed oil is a valuable source of ALA which could be potential applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Therefore, comparative and characterization analysis of different linseed accessions aids in selecting a good quality linseed oil and provides new breeding resources for linseed accessions.


Keyword:     Linseed Fatty acid composition Alpha-linolenic acid Gas chromatography-flame ionization detector


Citation:

Beema N, Mukkamula N, Mothuku S, Thumu R, Azmeera T, Biman KK. Comparative analysis of Physico-chemical properties and fatty acid composition of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) oils of Indian accessions. J App Biol Biotech. 2023;11(1):80-87. https://doi.org/10.7324/JABB.2023.110112

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

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