Calcium influences biochemical and antioxidant enzymatic activities in tomato fruits during storage

S. Salma Santhosh Thiyagarajan Chitdeshwari   

Open Access   

Published:  Nov 11, 2022

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2023.110216
Abstract

Postharvest quality maintenance of tomatoes is very crucial because of its perishable nature. Calcium, directly involved in the physiological process and enzymatic activities, thereby helps in maintaining the postharvest quality. Increasing calcium concentration reduces respiration and ethylene production in succession; it increases the shelf life and quality of tomatoes. Hence, a field experiment was conducted with different sources and levels of Ca, namely, calcium sulfate, calcium nitrate, calcium silicate, poultry manure, and press mud applied at 0, 20, 40, 60, and 80 kg Ca ha−1. Ripened tomatoes were harvested from each plot. Eight fruits were selected randomly from every treatment and divided into destructive and nondestructive samples, arranged in a factorial completely randomized block design for conducting a storage study. Shelf life, ascorbic acid, lycopene, beta-carotene, and polygalacturonase were analyzed at a 5-day interval up to 15 days. The results revealed that the effect of calcium sources had significant (p ≤ 0.05) impacts on fruit quality. The tomatoes harvested from poultry manure retained the highest shelf life (15 days) at 80 kg Ca ha−1 and the highest ascorbic acid content (37.5 mg 100 g−1) at 60 kg Ca ha−1. However, the lowest lycopene (2.86 mg 100 g−1), beta-carotene (1.81 mg 100 g−1), and lesser polygalacturonase activity (1.99 kj m−2) were obtained with poultry manure at 80 kg Ca ha−1. From the results procured in this experiment, it was inferred that the application of poultry manure at 80 kg Ca ha−1 was found to be effective in improving the quality attributes of hybrid tomato as it imparts multiple essential nutrients along with calcium.


Keyword:     Calcium tomato fruit quality enzyme biochemical compounds


Citation:

Salma Santhosh S, Chitdeshwari T, Kavitha C. Calcium influences biochemical and antioxidant enzymatic activities in tomato fruits during storage. J Appl Biol Biotech, 2022. https://doi.org/10.7324/JABB.2023.110216

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

HTML Full Text
Reference

1. Story EN, Rachel E, Kopec Steven J, Schwartz, Harris GK. An update on the health effects of tomato lycopene. Annu Rev Food Sci Technol 2010;1:189-210. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.food.102308.124120

2. Azad MAK, Islam MS, Hossen MI, Eaton TEJ. Yield and fruit quality of tomato as influenced by calcium and mulching in rooftop cultivation. Agric Sci 2019;10(07):893. https://doi.org/10.4236/as.2019.107068

3. Afsana N, Islam MM, Hossain ME, Nizam R, Monalesa N, Hussain MA, et al. Response of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) to salicylic acid and calcium. J Appl Life Sci Int 2017;15:1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/JALSI/2017/37408

4. Dragan Ž, Ban D, Oplani M, Kari L. Influence of post-harvest temperatures on physicochemical quality of tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). J Food Agric Environ 2010;8(1):21-5.

5. Teka TA. Analysis of the effect of maturity stage on the post-harvest biochemical quality characteristic of tomato fruit. Int Res J Pharm Appl Sci 2013;3(5):180-6.

6. Tola M. Tomato value chain analysis in the central rift valley: the case of DugdaWoreda, East Shoa Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, 2014.

7. Awas G, Abdisa T, Tolosa K, Chali A. Effect of inter-row spacing with double row arrangement on yield and yield component of tomato (Lycopersicon esculuntum Mill.) at Adami Tulu agricultural research center (Central rift valley of Oromia, Ethiopia). Afr J Agric Res 2010;6(13):2978-81.

8. Zhu Z, Chen Y, Zhang X, Li M. Effect of foliar treatment of sodium selenate on postharvest decay and quality of tomato fruits. Sci Hortic 2016;198:304-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2015.12.002

9. Kapsiya J, Gungula DT, Tame VT, Bukar N. Effects of storage chemicals and packaging systems on physicochemical characteristics of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) fruits. AASCIT J Biosci 2015;1(3): 41-6.

10. Ali S, Javed HU, Rehman RNU, Sabir IA, Naeem, MS, Siddiqui MZ, et al. Foliar application of some macro and micro nutrients improves tomato growth, flowering and yield. Int J Biosci 2013;3(10):280-7. https://doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.10.280-287

11. Pila N, Gol NB, Rao TVR. Effect of post-harvest treatments on physicochemical characteristics and shelf life of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) fruits during storage. Am Euras J Agric Environ Sci 2010;9:470-9.

12. Haleema B, Rab A, Hussain SA, Sajid M, Arif M, Shah ST, et al. Influence of calcium concentrations and sources on the fruit quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum mill) at different storage conditions. Fresenius Environ Bull 2020;29(3):1866-77.

13. Bakshi M, Liné C, Bedolla DE, Stein RJ, Kaegi R, Sarret G, et al. Assessing the impacts of sewage sludge amendment containing nano-TiO2 on tomato plants: a life cycle study. J Hazard Mater 2019;369:191-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.02.036

14. Gao L, Gonda I, Sun H, Ma Q, Bao K, Tieman DM, et al. The tomato pan-genome uncovers new genes and a rare allele regulating fruit flavor. Nat Genet 2019;51(6):1044-51. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-019-0410-2

15. Hocking B, Tyerman SD, Burton RA, Gilliham M. Fruit calcium: transport and physiology. Front Plant Sci 2016;7:569. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.00569

16. Tilahun S, Park DS, Taye AM, Jeong CS. Effects of storage duration on physicochemical and antioxidant properties of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Korean J Hortic Sci Technol 2017;35(1):88-97. https://doi.org/10.12972/kjhst.20170010

17. Metkar S, Saptarshi S, Kadam A. Studies on extraction, isolation and applications of lycopene. Indo Am J Pharm Res 2014;3(4):234-42.

18. Moneruzzaman KM, Hossain ABMS, Sani W, Saifuddin M, Alenazi M. Effect of harvesting and storage conditions on the post harvest quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) cv. Roma VF. Aust J Crop Sci 2009;3(2):113.

19. N'Dri D, Calani L, Mazzeo T, Scazzina F, Rinaldi M, Del Rio D, et al. Effects of different maturity stages on antioxidant content of Ivorian Gnagnan (Solanum indicum L.) berries. Molecules 2010;15(10):7125-38. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15107125

20. Nour V, Ionica ME, Trandafir I. Bread enriched in lycopene and other bioactive compounds by addition of dry tomato waste. J Food Sci Technol 2015;52(12):8260-7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-015-1934-9

21. Dinis LT, Bernardo S, Conde A, Pimentel D, Ferreira H, Félix L, et al. Kaolin exogenous application boosts antioxidant capacity and phenolic content in berries and leaves of grapevine under summer stress. J Plant Physiol 2016;191:45-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2015.12.005

22. Kushwaha R, Singh M, Singh V, Puranik V, Kaur D. Variation of bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity during ripening of tomato cultivars. J Food Agric Res 2021;1(1):15-29.

23. Liu L, Shao Z, Zhang M, Wang Q. Regulation of carotenoid metabolism in tomato. Mol Plant 2015;8(1):28-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2014.11.006

24. Kumar N, Kaur P, Devgan K, Attkan, AK. Shelf life prolongation of cherry tomato using magnesium hydroxide reinforced bionanocomposite and conventional plastic films. J Food Process Preserv 2020;44(4):e14379. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.14379

25. Ilahy R, Hdider C, Lenucci MS, Tlili I, Dalessandro G. Antioxidant activity and bioactive compound changes during fruit ripening of high-lycopene tomato cultivars. J Food Compos Anal 2011;24(4- 5):588-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2010.11.003

26. Williamson DD, Benkeblia N. Effects of gibberellic acid and calcium chloride on colour, phenolic compounds, carotenoids and quality attributes of white cabbage (Brassica oleracea) during storage under refrigeration. Int J Food Sci Nutr Diet 2015;4(7):239-45. https://doi.org/10.19070/2326-3350-1500043

27. Demes R, Satheesh N, Fanta SW. Effect of different concentrations of the gibberellic acid and calcium chloride dipping on quality and shelflife of Kochoro variety tomato. Philipp J Sci 2021;150(1):335-49.

28. Oliveira RQ, Rosa CA, Uetanabaro APT, Azeredo A, Neto AG, Assis SA. Polygalacturonase secreted by yeasts from Brazilian semi-arid environments. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2009;60(7):72-80. https://doi.org/10.1080/09637480802534517

29. Barka EA, Kalantari S, Makhlouf J, Arul J. Impact of UV-C irradiation on the cell wall-degrading enzymes during ripening of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) fruit. J Agric Food Chem 2000;48(3):667-71. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9906174

30. Paniagua C, Ric-Varas P, García-Gago JA, López-Casado G, Blanco-Portales R, Muñoz-Blanco J, et al. Elucidating the role of polygalacturonase genes in strawberry fruit softening. J Exp Bot 2020;71(22):7103-17. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eraa398

31. Cabanne C, Doneche B. Changes in polygalacturonase activity and calcium content during ripening of grape berries. Am J Ecol Vitic 2001;52(4):331-5.

32. Coutinho PWR, de Moraes Echer M, Braga GC, Guimarães VF, do Carmo Lana M, Alves TN, et al. Effect of pre-harvest calcium silicate on post-harvest quality of tomatoes. Res Soc Dev 2020;9(11):e74791110148. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i11.10148

33. Tejashvini A, Subbarayappa CT, Ramamurthy V, Mukunda GK. Influence of calcium and boron application on quality of tomato. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2021;10(1):549-52.

34. Shehata SA, Abdelrahman SZ, Megahed M, Abdeldaym EA, El-Mogy MM, Abdelgawad KF. Extending shelf life and maintaining quality of tomato fruit by calcium chloride, hydrogen peroxide, chitosan, and ozonated water. Horticulturae 2021;7(9):309. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7090309

Article Metrics

35 Absract views 22 PDF Downloads 57 Total views

Related Search

By author names

Citiaion Alert By Google Scholar


Similar Articles

Biocontrol efficacy of Trichoderma spp. against wilt of tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici

S. Sundaramoorthy and P. Balabaskar

Production, characterization and optimization of fermented tomato and carrot juices by using Lysinibacillus sphaericus isolate

Naga Sivudu Seelam, Harika Akula, Umamahesh Katike, Vijaya Sarathi Reddy Obulam

Hypolipidemic effects of Lysinibacillus sphaericus fermented tomato and carrot juices in high-fat diet-fed albino Wistar rats

Naga Sivudu Seelam, Umamahesh Katike, Peddanna Kotha, Harika Akula, Vijaya Sarathi Reddy Obulam

Factors affecting the chitinase activity of Trichoderma asperellum isolated from agriculture field soils

Ndiogou Gueye, G Kranthi Kumar, Malick Ndiaye, S Y Dienaba Sall, Mame Arama Fall Ndiaye, Tahir A Diop, M Raghu Ram

Study of pathogenic traits of bacterial wilt-causing phytopathogens around Kanpur and Fatehpur regions, Uttar Pradesh, India

Pramila Devi Umrao, Vineet Kumar, Shilpa Deshpande Kaistha

Application of intermittent vacuum treatment on the osmotic dehydration of black cherry tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum cv. OG)

Ho Thi Ngan Ha,, Nguyen Minh Thuy

Optimization production of thermo active levansucrase from Bacillus subtilis Natto CCT 7712

Bruna Caroline Marques Gonçalves, Janaina Mantovan, Mara Lúcia Luis Ribeiro, Dionísio Borsato, Maria Antonia Pedrine Colabone Celligoi

Enzymes and qualitative phytochemical screening of endophytic fungi isolated from Lantana camara Linn. Leaves

Mbouobda Hermann Desire , Fotso Bernard , Muyang Rosaline Forsah , Chiatoh Thaddeus Assang, Omokolo Ndoumou Denis

Production and Characterization of Alkaline Phosphatase Produced by Bacillus Species

Suganya Kannaiyram, Ravikumar Vedhachalam, Murugan Thanigaimalai

Impact of Phyllanthus amarus extract on antioxidant enzymes in Drosophila melanogaster

N. Manasa, J. S. Ashadevi

Enhanced fibrinolytic protease production by Serratia marcescens RSPB11 through Plackett-Burman and response surface methodological approaches

Paruchuru Lakshmi Bhargavi, Reddy Shetty Prakasham

The Characterization of Amylolytic Enzyme Present in Fermented Sweet Sap of Palmyrah

Arumugam Vengadaramana, Mehala Uthayasooriyan, Thananthika Sittampalam, Nirosha Razeek, Ranganathan Kapilan

Production and Characterization of Collagenase by Penicillium sp. UCP 1286 Isolated From Caatinga Soil

Maria Carolina de Albuquerque Wanderley , Jose Manoel Wanderley Duarte Neto, Carolina de Albuquerque Lima, Sara Isabel da Cruz Silverio, Jose Luiz de Lima Filho, Jose Antonio Couto Teixeira, Ana Lucia Figueiredo Porto

Physiological and biochemical characterization of Sesamum germplasms tolerant to NaCl

Tapaswini Hota, C. Pradhan, G. R. Rout

Enzymatic responses of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of an oilfield wastewater

Nedie Patience Akani, Ugwemorubon Ujagwung Gabriel

Effect of various dietary fats supplementation on the liver glycogen, protein and digestive enzymes activities in striped murrel, Channa striatus

Rajesh Dayal, Prem Prakash Srivastava , Joykrushna Jena, Sudhir Raizada, Akhilesh Kumar Yadav, Anita Bhatnagar, Shipra Chowdhary

Trichoderma oligosaccharides priming mediates resistance responses in pearl millet against downy mildew pathogen

Boregowda Nandini, Puttaswamy Hariprasad, Harischandra Sripathy Prakash, Nagaraja Geetha

Fermentative Production of Microbial Enzymes and their Applications: Present status and future prospects

Viswanath Vittaladevaram

Morphological, enzymatic screening, and phylogenetic analysis of thermophilic bacilli isolated from five hot springs of Myagdi, Nepal

Punam Yadav , Suresh Korpole, Gandham S Prasad, Girish Sahni , Jyoti Maharjan, Lakshmaiah Sreerama, Tribikram Bhattarai

Cold-active enzymes in food biotechnology: An updated mini review

Mohammed Kuddus

Aroclor 1254 induced oxidative stress and histopathological changes in mice liver

Jalpa Raja, Shweta Pathak, Rahul Kundu

A study of endophytic fungi Neofusicoccum ribis from Gandaria (Bouea macrophylla Griffith) as enzyme inhibitor, antibacterial, and antioxidant

Trisanti Anindyawati, Praptiwi

The effects of diet and temperature on enzymes, hormones, and fecundity of the African Catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822)

Waleed Abdul-Aziz A. Al-Deghayem, El Amin Mohamed Suliman

Investigation of morphological, phytochemical, and enzymatic characteristics of Anethum graveolens L. using selenium in combination with humic acid and fulvic acid

Parviz Samavatipour, Vahid Abdossi, Reza Salehi, Saeed Samavat,Alireza Ladan Moghadam

A study on the salinity stress effects on the biochemical traits of seedlings and its relationship with resistance toward sensitive and tolerant flax genotypes

Yousef Alaei, Seyed Kamal Kazemitabar, Mohammad Zaefi Zadeh, Hamid Najafi Zarini, Gaffar Kiani

Role of glutathione reductase and catalase enzyme in antioxidant defense mechanism in controlling fluoride-induced oxidative stress

Komal Sharma, Mamta Choudhary, Khushbu Verma

Dye degradation potential and its degradative enzymes synthesis of Bacillus cereus SKB12 isolated from a textile industrial effluent

Thangaraj Sheela, Senthil Kumar Sadasivam

Purification and characterization of an iron-activated alkaline phosphatase produced by Rhizopus microsporus var. microsporus under submerged fermentation using rye flour

Pedro Henrique de Oliveira Ornela, Luis Henrique Souza Guimarães

Determination of the activity and kinetics parameters of proteases in the crude plant extracts of Mentha piperita L. and Thymus capitatus L.

Omar Mohammad Atrooz, Fatmah Nasser Alomari

Health endorsing potential of Lactobacillus plantarum MBTU-HK1 and MBTU-HT of Honey bee gut origin

Honey Chandran Chundakkattumalayil, Keerthi Thalakattil Raghavan

Comparative transcriptomic analysis of Aspergillus niger cultured in peanut or cashew nut flour based media

Christopher P. Mattison, Brian M. Mack, Jeffrey W. Cary

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of Precocene II, estimation of enzymatic, nonenzymatic antioxidant, and cytotoxic potentials of methyl jasmonate-elicited shoot culture of Ageratum conyzoides Linn.

Selvaraj Vasantharani, Ramaraj Thirugnanasampandan, Gunasekaran Bhuvaneswari

Purification and characterization of a polygalacturonase from the xylophagous insect Oncideres albomarginata chamela (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)

Alicia Lara-Márquez, Nayeli Soria-Calderón, Maria Guadalupe Villa-Rivera, Everardo López-Romero, Nancy Calderón-Cortés

Media optimization for the production of alkaline protease by Bacillus cereus PW3A using response surface methodology

Gururaj B. Tennalli, Soumya Garawadmath, Lisa Sequeira, Shreya Murudi, Vaibhavi Patil, Manisha N. Divate, Basavaraj S. Hungund

Statistical optimization of asparaginase production by a novel isolated bacterium Brevibacillus borstelensis ML12 using Plackett–Burman design and response surface methodology

Rupkatha Mukherjee, Debabrata Bera

Health-related risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: A systematic review

Meenakshi S, Raghunath N, Vishal B Rawal, Ramith Ramu

Isolation and characterization of starch degrading bacteria from disparate soil samples

Vidhyutha Srivathsan, Mahima Bhandari, Priya Swaminathan

Industrial biotechnology: An Indian perspective

Kumud Tiwari, Garima Singh, Gajender Singh, Sonika Kumari Sharma, Samarendra Kumar Singh

In silico modeling, docking of ThPON1-like protein, and in vitro validation of pesticide tolerance in Trichoderma harzianum

Archana Kumari, Krishna Sundari Sattiraju

Engineering to enhance thermostability of xylanase: For the new era of biotechnology

Chitranshu Pandey, Pallavi Sharma, Neeraj Gupta

Endophytic Fungi as Emerging Bioresources for Bioactive Compounds for Sustainable Development

Divjot Kour, Neelam Yadav, Ajar Nath Yadav

Microbes mediated plastic degradation: A sustainable approach for environmental sustainability

Harpreet Kour, Sofia Shareif Khan, Divjot Kour, Shafaq Rasool, Yash Pal Sharma, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Sangram Singh, Kundan Kumar Chaubey, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav