Dissipation behavior and human hazard index (HI) of ethion on okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) fruits were studied in Koonavaram village, East Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India. Ethion was applied on okra crop with knapsack sprayer during the fruiting stage, and fruit samples were collected on 0, 2nd, 4th, 6th, and 8th days from the time of application. Ethion was detected with the help of GC-MS/MS using dried and grinded fruit samples. From the study, average ethion residues detected in the vegetable samples were in descending order of 8.02, 1.14, 0.14, 0.08, and 0.02 mg/kg, which were collected from the above-mentioned days. The correlation coefficient of ethion residue concerning time was recorded as significant. Ethion dissipation percent was 85.74, 98.25, 99.04, and 99.71 in samples with respect to the days of 2, 4, 6, and 8, respectively, which was compared with the residue of samples collected immediately 2 h after applying ethion. During the study of half-life, on ethion was 0.95 days. Pre-harvested interval of 2 days gap is required after the application of ethion. The human HI of ethion was 10.020, 1.429, 0.175, 0.096, and 0.029 for samples collected from the respective days, where the intake amount for an average Indian adult of 60 kg is 150 g.
Rao V, Reddy BS, Subrahmanya KN, Parida T, Namuduri S. Assessment of health risk associated with Ethion dissipation in Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.). J App Biol Biotech. 2022, Online First.
1. Khan N, Yaqub G, Hafeez T, Tariq M. Assessment of health risk due to pesticide residues in fruits, vegetables, soil, and water. J Chem 2020;2020:5497952. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/5497952
2. Endalew M, Gebrehiwot M, Dessie A. Pesticide use knowledge, attitude, practices and practices associated factors among floriculture workers in Bahirdar city, North West, Ethiopia, 2020. Environ Health Insights 2022;16:11786302221076250. https://doi.org/10.1177/11786302221076250
3. Caratelli V, Fegatelli G, Moscone D, Arduini F. A paper-based electrochemical device for the detection of pesticides in aerosol phase inspired by nature: A flower-like origami biosensor for precision agriculture. Biosens Bioelectron 2022;205:114119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2022.114119
4. Moreno JF, Liébanas FA, Frenich AG, Vidal JM. Evaluation of different sample treatments for determining pesticide residues in fat vegetable matrices like avocado by low-pressure gas chromatographytandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A 2006;1111:97-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.01.108
5. Claeys WL, Schmit JF, Bragard C, Maghuin-Rogister G, Pussemier L, Schiffers B. Exposure of several Belgian consumer groups to pesticide residues through fresh fruit and vegetable consumption. Food Control 2011;22:508-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2010.09.037
6. Bempah CK, Buah-Kwofie A, Denutsui D, Asomaning J, Tutu AO. Monitoring of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables and related health risk assessment in Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana. Res J Environ Earth Sci 2011;3:761-71.
7. Peshin R, Kranthi KR, Sharma R. Pesticide use and experiences with integrated pest management programs and Bt cotton in India. In: Integrated Pest Management. Dordrecht: Springer; 2014. p. 269-306. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7802-3_11
8. Pandey SA. Relative bio-efficacy of newer insecticide molecules against okra shoot and fruit borer and their dissipation: A review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7:93-104.
9. Hassanzadeh N, Bahramifar N, Abbas ES, Saberfar F. Dissipation of ethion applied on greenhouse cucumbers by duration of a pre-harvest interval (PHI). Int J Agric Enviorn Biotechnol 2010;3:179-83.
10. Soliman MM. Persistence of new insecticides and their efficacy against insect pests of cowpea. Aust J Basic Appl Sci 2011;5:82-9.
11. Parmar KD, Korat DM, Shah PG, Singh S. Dissipation and decontamination of some pesticides in/on okra. Pestic Res J 2012;24:42-6.
12. Akoto O, Andoh H, Darko G, Eshun K, Osei-Fosu P. Health risk assessment of pesticides residue in maize and cowpea from Ejura, Ghana. Chemosphere 2013;92:67-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.02.057
13. Rao BN. Fruits, vegetables, milk, and animal foods in balanced Indian diets-a critical appraisal. NFI Bull 2013;34:1-5.
14. Akhtar S, Yaqub G, Hamid A, Afzal Z, Asghar S. Determination of pesticide residues in selected vegetables and fruits from a local market of Lahore, Pakistan. Curr World Environ 2018;13:????. https://doi.org/10.12944/CWE.13.2.09
15. Chowdhury AZ, Hasan M, Karim N, Fakhruddin AN, Hossain S, Chowdhury AA, et al. Contamination and health risk assessment of pesticide residues in vegetables from agricultural fields of Gazipur District, Bangladesh. Sigma 2014;2:???.
16. Seo YH, Cho TH, Hong CK, Kim MS, Cho SJ, Park WH, et al. Monitoring and risk assessment of pesticide residues in commercially dried vegetables. Prev Nutr Food Sci 2013;18:145. https://doi.org/10.3746/pnf.2013.18.2.145
17. Anastassiades M, Lehotay SJ, Štajnbaher D, Schenck FJ. Fast and easy multiresidue method employing acetonitrile extraction/partitioning and "dispersive solid-phase extraction" for the determination of pesticide residues in produce. J AOAC Int 2003;86:412-31. https://doi.org/10.1093/jaoac/86.2.412
18. Rangaswamy R. A Text Book of Agricultural Statistics. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers; 2000.
19. Fantke P, Gillespie BW, Juraske R, Jolliet O. Estimating halflives for pesticide dissipation from plants. Environ Sci Technol 2014;48:8588-602. https://doi.org/10.1021/es500434p
20. Chen C, Qian Y, Chen Q, Tao C, Li C, Li Y. Evaluation of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from Xiamen, China. Food Control 2011;22:1114-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2011.01.007
21. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Cabrera LC, Pastor PM. The 2019 European Union report on pesticide residues in food. EFSA J 2021;19:e06491. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2021.6491
22. Wang C, Wu J, Zhang Y, Wang K, Zhang H. Field dissipation of trifloxystrobin and its metabolite trifloxystrobin acid in soil and apples. Environ Monit Assess 2015;187:1-7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-4100-3
23. Kiwango AP, Kassim N, Kimanya EM. Pesticide residues in vegetables: Practical interventions to minimize the risk of human exposure in Tanzania. Curr J Appl Sci Technol 2018;26:1-18. https://doi.org/10.9734/CJAST/2018/38976
24. Darko G, Akoto O. Dietary intake of organophosphorus pesticide residues through vegetables from Kumasi, Ghana. Food Chem Toxicol 2008;46:3703-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2008.09.049
25. Das SK, Mukherjee I, Das SK. Dissipation of flubendiamide in/ on okra [Abelmoschus esculenta (L.) Moench] fruits. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2012;88:381-4. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0491-9
26. World Health Organization. The WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2010.
4 Absract views 0 PDF Downloads 4 Total views