Research Article | Volume: 6, Issue: 2, March-April, 2018

Insecticidal effect of four plant essential oils against two aphid species under laboratory conditions

Akram Saleh Alghamdi   

Open Access   

Published:  Feb 17, 2018

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2018.60205

The in vitro aphicidal activity of four medicinal plant essential oils, i.e., Moringa oleifera, Eruca sativa, Raphanus sativus, and Allium sativum at concentrations of 1%, 2%, and 4% on the mortality of rose aphid, Macrosiphum rosae and black bean aphid, Aphis fabae was evaluated after 12, 24, 48, and 72 h of exposure time. Results revealed that individual mortality percentages generally increased with increasing of oil concentrations tested at the four exposure times. Among treatments of the essential oils on M. rosae mortality, arugula oil significantly gave the highest value at all concentrations and exposure times that was reached to 97.5%; followed by garlic oil with value of 80.6%; whereas, treatment of moringa and radish oils gave the lowest values of rose aphid mortality those were amounted to be 63.3% and 69.2%, respectively. A similar trend was observed in respect to A. fabae since arugula oil was the best treatment, but radish oil ranked second, then garlic and moringa oils. On the other hand, garlic oil at concentration of 1% gave the lowest mortality of black bean aphid individuals after 12 and 24 h of exposure. The study indicates the possible use of such essential oils against two aphid species.

Keyword:     Macrosiphum rosae Aphis fabae Essential oils Insecticidal activity In vitro.


Alghamdi AS. Insecticidal effect of four plant essential oils against two aphid species under laboratory conditions. J App Biol Biotech. 2018;6(2):27-30. DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2018.60205

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

HTML Full Text

1. Bliss CI. Table A. 10. Transformation of bionomial percentages (Arcsin), This table appeared in Plant Protection (Leningrad). 1937; 12:448-449.

2. Choi WI, Lee EH, Choi BR, Park HM, Ahn YJ. Toxicity of plant essential oils to Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 2003; 96:1479-1484.

3. Digilio MC, Mancini E, Voto E, De Feo V. Insecticidal activity of mediterranean essential oils. Journal of Plant Interactions. 2008; 3:17-23.

4. Duncan DB. Multiple rang and multiple,F-test. Biometrics. 1955; 11:1-42.

5. Ebadollahi A, Mahboubi M. Insecticidal activity of essential oil isolated from Azilia eryngioides (Pau) Hedge Et Lamond against two beetle pests. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2011; 71(3):406-411.

6. Görür G, Abdullah MI, Işık M. Insecticidal activity of the Thymus, Veronica and Agrimonia's essential oils against the cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica. 2008; 43(1):203-210.

7. Gupta A, Sharma S, Naik SN. Biopesticidal value of selected essential oils against pathogenic fungus, termites, and nematodes. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. 2011; 65:703-707.

8. Isman MB, Machial CM. Pesticides based on plant essential oils: from traditional practice to commercialization. In: Rai M, Carpinella CM, eds. Naturally occurring bioactive compounds, Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2006, p. 29-44.

9. Isman MB, Wilson JA, Bradbury R. Insecticidal activities of commercial rosemary oils (Rosmarinus officinalis) against larvae of Pseudaletia unipuncta and Trichoplusia ni in relation to their chemical composition. Pharmaceutical Biology. 2008; 46:82-87.

10. Jaastad G. Late dormant rapeseed oil treatment against black cherry aphid and cherry fruit moth in sweet cherries. Journal of Applied Entomology. 2007; 131(4):284-288.

11. Jayma LM, Ronald FL. Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas), Department of Entomology Honolulu, Hawaii; 1992, 118-121.

12. Lee S, Lee B, Choi W, Park B, Kim J, Campbell B. Fumigant toxicity of volatile natural products from Korean species and medicinal plants towards the rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (L). Pest Management Science. 2001; 57:548-553.

13. Moravej GH, Of-Shahraki Z, Azizi-arani M, Yaghmai F. Toxicity fumigant essential oil Bunium persicam Boiss and Elletaria cardamomum Maton. (Zingiberacea) on Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Journal of Plant Protection. 2009; 23: 96-105.

14. Motazedian N, Aleosfoor M, Davoodi A, Bandani AR. Insecticidal activity of five medicinal plant essential oils against the cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae. J. Crop Prot. 2014; 3(2):137-146.

15. Mustafa I, Görür G. Aphidicidial activity of seven essential oils against the cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae L. (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Mun. Ent. Zool. 2009; 4(2):424-431.

16. Ngamo TS, Ngatanko I, Ngassoum MB, Mapongmestsem PM, Hance T. Persistence of insecticidal activities of crude essential oils of three aromatic plants towards four major stored product insect pests. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2007; 2(4):173-177.

17. Papachristos DP, Stamopoulos DC. Fumigant toxicity of three essential oils on the eggs of Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Journal of Stored Products Research. 2004; 40:517-525.

18. Pavela R. Insecticidal activity of some essential oils against larvae of Spodoptera littoralis. Fitoterapia. 2005; 76:691-696.

19. Petrakis PV, Roussis V, Papadimitriou D, Vagias C, Tsitsimpikou C. The effects of terpenoid extracts from 15 Pine species on the feeding behavioural sequence of the late instars of the Pine processionary caterpeillar Thaumetopea pityocampa. Behavioural Processes. 2005; 69:303-322.

20. Quratulain MA, Rafique MK, Ahmad MA, Mahmood R. Management of Macrosiphum rosae on different cultivars of Rosa indica by using different botanical extracts and detergent solution. Pak. Entomol. 2015; 37(1):15-20.

21. Rahman A, Talukder FA. Bioefficacy of some plant derivatives that protect grain against the pulse beetle, Callosobruchus maculates. Journal of Insect Science. 2006; 6(3):1-6.[1:BOSPDT]2.0.CO;2

22. Ruberson JR. Handbook of Pest Management. New York: Marcel Dekkar Inc.; 1999, p. 842.

23. Sampson BJ, Tabanca N, Kirimer N, Demirci B, Baser KH, Khan IA, Spiers JM, Wedge DE. Insecticidal activity of 23 essential oils and their major compounds against adult Lipaphis pseudobrassicae (Davis) (Aphididae: Homoptera). Pest Management Science. 2005; 61:1122-1128.

24. Tomova BS, Waterhouse JS, Doberski J. The effect of fractionated Tagetes oil volatiles on Aphid reproduction. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 2005; 115:153-159.

25. Tunı I, Sahinkaya S. Sensitivity of two greenhouse pest to vapours of essential oils. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 1998; 86:183-187.

26. Yazdgerdian AR, Akhtar Y, Isman MB. Insecticidal effects of essential oils against woolly beech aphid, Phyllaphis fagi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2015; 3 (3):265-271.

Article Metrics

47 Absract views 127 PDF Downloads 174 Total views

Related Search

By author names

Citiaion Alert By Google Scholar