Research Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 4, July-August, 2016

Growth responses on major replacement of animal protein with plant protein and graded levels of dietary supplement amino sugar, glucosamine in threatened Magur (Clarias batrachus, Linnaeus, 1758) fry

Shipra Chowdhary P. P. Srivastava J.K. Jena S. Raizada A.K. Yadav R. Dayal S. Misra   

Open Access   

Published:  Aug 26, 2016

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2016.40404
Abstract

A 12-week feeding trial was performed to evaluate the use of animal and plant protein, in combination with dietary supplement glucosamine (GlcN) an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids on threatened Asian catfish fry, Clarias batrachus fry (av. wt. 0.23 ± 0.02 to 0.25 ± 0.03g). Six practical feeds (CP 34.27 to 43.52 %, kcal/100g 377.1 to 399, and total fat 1.67 to 6.70%) were formulated on the basis of whole animal or animal-plant combined protein feeds blended with GlcN at 0.5, 5.0 and 10.0%. The six-feeds were prepared by blending with GlcN (F-1, PAG::0:100:0.5; F-2, PAG::0:100:5.0; F-3, PAG::0:100:10.0; F-4, PAG::75:25:0.5; F-5, PAG::75:25:5.0; F-6, PAG::75:25:10.0). The best growth performance was recorded in fish fed F-2 feed among the animal protein group feeding regime (F-1 to F-3) as 0.56±0.04g followed by F-3 (0.46±0.02g) and F-1 (0.38±0.02g). The survival ranged with 60±4.3 to 70±2.4% in animal protein rich diets whereas, the survival range recorded as 50±2.4 to 53±2.4% in plant protein rich diets F-4, F-5 and F-6 in comparison to control feed(F-7) showing 43±1.4% survival. The survival significantly (p<0.05) improved in GlcN supplemented feeds (50±2.4 to 70±2.4%) in comparison to control (43±1.4%). The synergistic growth on supplementing proteins and GlcN showed significant variation (p<0.05) in case of weight gain, FCR, SGR and PER. Results suggests that animal protein feeds were much acceptable than plant protein diets by C. batrachus fry and the dietary supplement amino sugar GlcN showed a significant role in survival and growth of the fish at early stage of life.


Keyword:     Glucosamine Growth Animal & Plant protein Clarias batrachus Fry.


Citation:

Chowdhary S, Srivastava PP, Jena JK, Raizada S, Yadav AK, Dayal R, Misra S. Growth responses on major replacement of animal protein with plant protein and graded levels of dietary supplement amino sugar, glucosamine in threatened Magur (Clarias batrachus, Linnaeus, 1758) fry. J App Biol Biotech. 2016; 4 (04): 042-050. DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2016.40404

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

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Growth-promoting effects of marine microalgae species using tropical forest soil extracts

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Evaluation of common wastewaters on the growth of alga Spirulina

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Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as a potential biofertilizers for agricultural sustainability

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Phosphate-Solubilizing Microorganisms for Agricultural Sustainability

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Structural and functional diversity of plant growth promoting microbiomes for agricultural sustainability

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Abiotic stress signaling in plants and transgenic technology as a triumph: A review

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Potassium-Solubilizing Microorganisms for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Implications of abiotic stress tolerance in arbuscular mycorrhiza colonized plants: Importance in plant growth and regulation

Madhulika Singh,, Sanskriti Bisht, Shatrupa Singh, Jai Gopal Sharma

Effect of nutrient media enhanced with plant-growth regulators on indirect somatic embryogenesis induction for the tissue culture of Digitalis purpurea

Mohammed Ahmed Al-Oqab, Salim Zaid, Youssef Al-Ammouri

Effect of liquid seaweed (Ulva rigida) extract on the growth and rooting of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.)

Najat Zouari, Hanane Bougdaoua, Noureddine El Mtili

Occurrence of two endophytic associative nitrogen-fixing Caulobacter spp., from three non-nodulating endemic legumes based on nifH gene analysis

N. Thamizhseran, Ganesh V. Shendye

Stress Adaptive Phosphorus Solubilizing Microbiomes for Agricultural Sustainability

Divjot Kour, Ajar Nath Yadav

Microbial diversity of Azadirachta indica (Neem) gum: An unexplored niche

Pragya Saxena,, Hillol Chakdar, Arjun Singh, Sheetal Shirodkar, Alok K. Srivastava

Impact of different levels of iron fertilizer on growth and yield physiology of Kodo millet under rainfed conditions – An overview

R. Samundeswari, N. Jeyapandiyan, M. Anitha, J. Patricia Kalaiarasi, R. Susan Poonguzhali, C. Jayapradha, S. Rathikannu, K. Udhaya Kumar

Isolation and characterization of robust plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria from lignite mines, Gujarat

Ravi Patel, Dilip N. Borada, Amisha Patel, Neil J. Shah

Effect of nutrient media enhanced with plant growth regulators on genetic stability in sub-cultures of Digitalis purpurea callus

Mohammed Ahmed AL-Oqab, Salim Zaid, Youssef Al-Ammouri, Shawqi H. Alawdi

Endophytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria: Untapped treasurer for agricultural sustainability

Kusam Lata Rana, Divjot Kour, Tanvir Kaur, Rajeshwari Negi, Rubee Devi, Neelam Yadav, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Sangram Singh, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ashok Yadav, R. Z. Sayyed, Ajar Nath Yadav

Rhizospheres of Rubus ellipticus and Ageratina riparia from Meghalaya exhibit Actinomycetota that promote plant growth

Debulman Syiemiong, Dhruva Kumar Jha, Samrat Adhikari, Dapkupar Mylliemngap, Richborn Kharbuki, Dominic Lyngdoh, Joel Paul Warlarpih, Neha Paul, Kevin Matthew Lamare, Chalcedony Wahlang, Rangehbok Lyngkhoi

Impact of dietary fats on fatty acids profile of threatened Asian cafish (Clarias batrachus, Linnaeus, 1758)

P.P. Srivastava , Akhilesh K. Yadav, Shipra Chowdhary, Pradeep Shrivastava, R. Dayal, G.Venkateshwarlu, W. S. Lakra

Morphological status of multipolar neurons in the lateral cortical area of the telencephalon of a catfish, Clarias batrachus: A Golgi study

Banalata Mohanty, Anil Kumar Ojha