Research Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 4, July-August, 2016

Growth responses on major replacement of animal protein with plant protein and graded levels of dietary supplement amino sugar, glucosamine in threatened Magur (Clarias batrachus, Linnaeus, 1758) fry

Shipra Chowdhary P. P. Srivastava J.K. Jena S. Raizada A.K. Yadav R. Dayal S. Misra   

Open Access   

Published:  Aug 26, 2016

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2016.40404

A 12-week feeding trial was performed to evaluate the use of animal and plant protein, in combination with dietary supplement glucosamine (GlcN) an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids on threatened Asian catfish fry, Clarias batrachus fry (av. wt. 0.23 ± 0.02 to 0.25 ± 0.03g). Six practical feeds (CP 34.27 to 43.52 %, kcal/100g 377.1 to 399, and total fat 1.67 to 6.70%) were formulated on the basis of whole animal or animal-plant combined protein feeds blended with GlcN at 0.5, 5.0 and 10.0%. The six-feeds were prepared by blending with GlcN (F-1, PAG::0:100:0.5; F-2, PAG::0:100:5.0; F-3, PAG::0:100:10.0; F-4, PAG::75:25:0.5; F-5, PAG::75:25:5.0; F-6, PAG::75:25:10.0). The best growth performance was recorded in fish fed F-2 feed among the animal protein group feeding regime (F-1 to F-3) as 0.56±0.04g followed by F-3 (0.46±0.02g) and F-1 (0.38±0.02g). The survival ranged with 60±4.3 to 70±2.4% in animal protein rich diets whereas, the survival range recorded as 50±2.4 to 53±2.4% in plant protein rich diets F-4, F-5 and F-6 in comparison to control feed(F-7) showing 43±1.4% survival. The survival significantly (p<0.05) improved in GlcN supplemented feeds (50±2.4 to 70±2.4%) in comparison to control (43±1.4%). The synergistic growth on supplementing proteins and GlcN showed significant variation (p<0.05) in case of weight gain, FCR, SGR and PER. Results suggests that animal protein feeds were much acceptable than plant protein diets by C. batrachus fry and the dietary supplement amino sugar GlcN showed a significant role in survival and growth of the fish at early stage of life.

Keyword:     Glucosamine Growth Animal & Plant protein Clarias batrachus Fry.


Chowdhary S, Srivastava PP, Jena JK, Raizada S, Yadav AK, Dayal R, Misra S. Growth responses on major replacement of animal protein with plant protein and graded levels of dietary supplement amino sugar, glucosamine in threatened Magur (Clarias batrachus, Linnaeus, 1758) fry. J App Biol Biotech. 2016; 4 (04): 042-050. DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2016.40404

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

HTML Full Text

1. Robinson EH, Li MH. Comparison of practical diets with and without animal protein at various concentrations of dietary protein for performance of channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus raised in earthen ponds. J World Aquaculture Society. 1998; 29: 273-280.

2. Adewolu MA. The use of maggot meal as a protein source in the diet of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. Res. Comm. Fish. 2001; 1(1): 11-20.

3. St-Hilaire S, Sheppard C, Tomberlin JK, Irving S, Newton L, McGuire MA, Mosley E, Hardy RW, Sealey W. Fly pre-pupae as a feedstuff for rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. J World Aquaculture Society. 2007; 38(1): 59-67.

4. Turker A, Yigit M, Ergun S, Karaali B, Erteken A. Potential of poultry by-product meal as a substitute for fishmeal in diets for Black Sea turbot Scophthalmus maeoticus: Growth and nutrient utilization in winter. Israel Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh. 2005; 57(1): 49-61.

5. Usman R, Palingi NN, Ahmad T. Utilization of local feed ingredients in tiger grouper grow out moist diets. Aquacult Asia Mag. 2007; April-June: 33-36.

6. Hasan MR, Haq MS, Das PM, Mowlah G. Evaluation of poultry-feather meal as a dietary protein source for Indian major carp Labeo rohita fry. Aquaculture. 1997; 151: 47-54.

7. Garg SK, Kalla A, Bhatnagar A. Evaluation of raw and hydrothermically processed leguminous seeds as supplementary feed for the growth of two Indian major carp species. Aquaculture Research. 2002; 33: 151-163.

8. El-Saidy DMSD, Gaber MMA. Replacement of fish meal with a mixture of different plant protein sources in juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L ) diets. Aquaculture Research. 2003; 34: 1119-1127.

9. Heikkinen J, Vielma J, Kemila¨inen O, Tiirola M, Eskelinen P, Kiuru T, Navia-Paldanius D, Von Wright A. Effects of soybean meal based diet on growth performance gut histopathology and intestinal microbiota of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture. 2006; 261: 259-268.

10. Abbas S, Ahmed I, Salim M, Rehman K. Comparative effects of fertilization and supplementary feed on growth performance of three fish species International. Journal of Agricultural Biology. 2010; 12: 276-280.

11. Jahan DA, Hussain L, Islam MA, Khan MM, Nima A. Use of soybean as partial substitute of fish meal in the diets of Rohu Labeo rohita (Ham ) fry. The Agriculturists. 2012; 10(2): 68-76.

12. Millamena OM. Replacement of fishmeal by animal by-product meals in a practical diet for grow-out culture of grouper Epinephelus coioides. Aquaculture. 2002; 204: 75-84.

13. Ballestrazzi R, Lanari D, D’Agaro E, Mion A. The effect of dietary protein level and source on growth body composition total ammonia and reactive phosphate excretion of growing sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Aquaculture. 1994; 127: 197-206.

14. Boonyaratpalin M, Suraneiranat P, Tunpibal T. Replacement of fishmeal with various types of soybean products in diets for the Asian seabass Lates calcarifer. Aquaculture. 1998; 161: 67- 78.

15. Francis G, Makkar HPS, Becker K. Anti-nutritional factors present in plant-derived alternate fish feed ingredients and their effects in fish. Aquaculture. 2001; 199: 197-227.

16. Dersjant-Li Y. The use of soy protein in aquafeeds In: Cruz-Sua´rez L E Ricque-Marie D Tapia-Salazar M Gaxiola-Corte´s M G Simoes N(eds)Avances en Nutricio´n Acuı´cola VI Memorias del VI Simposium Internacional de Nutricio´n Acuı´cola 3 al 6 de Septiembre del 2002 Cancu´n Quintana Roo Me´xico. 2002; pp 541-558.

17. Bilgüven M, Barış M. Effects of the feed containing different plant protein sources on growth performance and body composition of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 2011; 11: 345-350.

18. Khan N, Ashraf M, Qureshi NA, Sarker PK, Vandenberg GW, Rasool F. Effect of similar feeding regime on growth and body composition of Indian major carps (Catla catla Cirrhinus mrigala and Labeo rohita) under mono and polyculture. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2012; 11(44): 10280-10290.

19. Pongmaneerat J, Watanabe T. Nutritional evaluation of soybean meal for rainbow trout and carp. Nippon Suisan Gakkai. 1993; 59(1): 157-163.

20. Anderson RJ, Kienbolz EW, Flickinger SA. Protein requirements of small mouth bass and largemouth bass. Journal of Nutrition. 1981; 111: 1085-1097.

21. Kim KW, Wang XJ, Bai SC. Optimum dietary protein level for maximum growth of juvenile olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Aquaculture Research. 2002; 33: 673-679.

22. Nose T, Arai S. Optimum level of protein in purified diet in eel Anguilla japonica Bull Freshwater Fish Res Lab. 1972; 22: 145-55.

23. Ogino C, Saito K. Protein in fish-J The utilization of dietary protein by young carp. Bull Jpn Soc Set Fish. 1970; 36: 250-254.

24. Shiau S, Lin S, Yu S, Lin A, Kwok C. Defatted and full-fat soybean meal as partial replacements for fishmeal in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus X O aureus) diets at low protein level. Aquaculture. 1990; 86: 401-407.

25. UstaoÄŸlu S, Rennert B. The apparent nutrient digestibility of diets containing fish meal or isolated soy protein in starlet (Acipenser ruthenus). International Review of Hydrobiology. 2002; 87: 577-584.

26. Eid AE, Elfattah BA, Mohamed K. Effect of fishmeal substitution by plant protein sources on growth performance and body composition of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) fingerlings. J Arabian Aquaculture Society. 2008; 3: 58-79.

27. Chowdhary S, Srivastava PP, Misra S, Dayal R, Yadav AK, Jena JK. Evaluation of partial replacement of dietary animal protein from plant protein blended with GlcN on growth and body indices of Asian Catfish (Clarias batrachus) fingerlings. Journal of Aquaculture Research Development. 2012; 3: 129.

28. Sarowar MN, Jewel MZH, Sayeed MA, Mollah MFA. Impacts of different diets on growth and survival of Clarias batrachus Grow-outs. International Journal of Biological Research. 2010; 1: 08-12.

29. Ng HH, Kottelat M. The identity of Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus 1758) with the designation of a neotype (Teleostei: Clariidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 2008; 153: 725-732.

30. Argungu LA, Christianus A, Amin SMN, Daud SK, Siraj SS, Aminur Rahman M. Asian Catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus 1758) Getting Critically Endangered. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 2013; 8:168-176 DOI: 10 3923/ajava 2013 168 176

31. Vishwanath W. Clarias magur In: IUCN 2013 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Version 2013. 2010; 1.

32. Hossain Q, Hossain MA, Parween S. Artificial breeding and nursery practices of Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus 1758). Science World. 2006; 4: 32-37.

33. Goswami B. Magur (Clarias batrachus) seed production using low hatcheries. Aquaculture Asia Magazine. 2007; 12: 14-16 14.

34. Debnath S. Clarias batrachus the medicinal fish an excellent candidate for aquaculture and employment generation. International Conference Asia Agriculture Animal. IPCBEE IACSIT Press Singapore. 2011: 13 32-47.

35. AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) In: Helrich K (ed) Official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 15th edn Association of Official Analytical Chemists Arlington. 1990; 1298pp.

36. Yuan YC, Lin YC, Yang HJ, Gong Y, Gong SY, Yu DH. Evaluation of fermented soybean meal in the practical diets for juvenile Chinese sucker, Myxocyprinus asiaticus. Aquaculture Nutrition. 2013; 19: 74-83.

37. Cowey CB, Pope JA, Adron JW, Blair A. Studies on the nutrition of marine flatfish; the protein requirements of plaice (Pleuronectes platessa). British Journal of Nutrition. 1972; 28: 447-56.

38. Satia BP. Quantitative protein requirements of rainbow trout. Progressive Fish Culturist. 1974; 36: 80- 85.

39. Cho CY, Slinger SJ, Bayley HS. Influence of level and type of dietary protein and level of feeding on feed utilization by Rainbow trout. Journal of Nutrition. 1976; 106:1547-155.

40. Mazid MA, Tanaka T, Katayama KL, Simpson C, Chichester O. Growth response of Tilapia zilli fingerlings fed iso-caloric feeds with variable protein levels. Aquaculture. 1979; 18:115-122.

41. Mundheim H, Aknes A, Hope B. Growth feed efficiency and digestibility in salmon (Salmo salar) fed different dietary proportions of vegetable protein sources in combination with two fish meal qualities. Aquaculture. 2004; 237: 315-331.

42. Martı´nez-Llorens S, Vidal AT, Garcia IJ, Torres MP, Cerda´ MJ. Optimum dietary soybean meal level for maximizing growth and nutrient utilization of on-growth gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata). Aquaculture Nutrition. 2009; 15: 320-328.

43. Rao LM, Kumar S. Effect of squillameal on the growth and nutritive value of Labeo rohita (Ham ). Asian Fisheries Science. 2006; 19: 215-225.

44. Davis AT, Stickney RR. Growth responses of Tilapia aurea to dietary protein quality and quantity. Trans American Fish Society. 1978; 107: 479-483.

45. Hertrampf JW, Piedad-Pascual F. Handbook on Ingredients for Aquaculture Feeds. Kluwer Academic Publishers Dordrecht. 2000; pp 482-483.

46. Webster CD, Tidwell JH, Goodgame LS, Yancey DH, Mackey L. Use of soybean meal and distillers grains with soluble as partial or total replacement of fish meal in diets for channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. Aquaculture. 1992; 106: 301-309.

47. Peres H, Lim C, Klesius PH. Nutritional value of heat-treated soybean meal for channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Aquaculture. 2003; 225: 67-82.

48. Shiau S, Kwok C, Kwang J, Chen C, Lee S. Replacement of fishmeal with soybean meal in male tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus X O aureus) fingerling diets at a sub-optimal protein level. J World Aquaculture Society. 1989; 20: 230-235.

49. Kaushik SJ, Coves D, Dutto G, Blanc D. Almost total replacement of fish meal by plant protein sources in the diet of a marine teleost the European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax. Aquaculture. 2005; 230: 391-404.

50. Schulz C, Wickert M, Kijora CJ, Ogunji Rennert B. Evaluation of pea protein isolate as alternative protein source in diets for juvenile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Aquaculture Research. 2007; 38: 537-545.

51. Dias J, Conceição LEC, Ribeiro AR, Borges P, Valente LMP, Dinis MT. Practical diet with low fish-derived protein is able to sustain growth performance in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata during the grow-out phase. Aquaculture. 2009; 293: 255-262.

52. Silva JMG, Espe M, Conceição LEC, Dias J, Valente LMP. Senegalese sole juveniles (Solea senegalensis Kaup 1858) grow equally well on diets devoid of fish meal provided the dietary amino acids are balanced. Aquaculture. 2009; 296: 309-317.

53. Balogun MA, Ologhobo DA. Growth performance and nutrient utilization of fingerling Clarias gariepinus(Burchell) fed raw and cooked soy bean diets. Aquaculture. 1989; 76: 119-126.

54. Degani G, Benzvi Y, Levanon D. The effect of different protein levels and temperature on feed utilization growth and body composition of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1922). Aquaculture. 1989; 76: 293-301.

55. Hoffman LC, Prinsloo JF, Rukan G. Partial replacement of fish meal with either soybean meal brewers yeast or tomato meal in the diets of African sharp tooth catfish Clarias gariepinus. Water S A. 1997; 23: 181-186.

56. Fagbenro OA. Apparent digestibility of various oilseed cakes/meals in African catfish diets. Aquaculture International. 1998; 6: 317-322.

57. Fagbenro OA. Comparative evaluation of heat-processed winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) meals as partial replacement for fish meal in diets for the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Aquaculture. 1999; 170: 297-305.

58. Storebakken T, Refstie S, Ruyter B. Soy products as fat and protein sources in fish feed for intensive aquaculture In: Drackley JK (ed) Soy in animal nutrition Fed. Anim Sci Soc Savoy IL; 2000.

59. Abdel-Warith AA, Younis EM, Al-Asgah Abdualla N. Influence of dietary inclusion of full-fat soybean meal and amino acids supplementation on growth and digestive enzymes activity of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 2012; 12: 1-2.

60. NRC. Nutrient requirements of fish National Research Council National Academy Press Washington; 1999.

61. Delong DC Halver JE Mertz ET. Nutrition of salmonid fishes-VI Protein requirements of Chinook salmon at two water temperatures. Journal of Nutrition. 1958; 65 : 589-599.

62. Bhuiyan AK, Begum MA, Hoq ME. Final report on the survey of potential fish feed ingredients of Bangladesh on the basis of their availability and biochemical composition. Fisheries Research Institute Mymensingh. 1989; 70 pp.

63. Tripathi G, Harsh S. Fenvelarate induced macromolecular changes in the catfish Clarias batrachus. Journal of Environmental Biology. 2002; 23:143-146.

64. Gangadhara B, Nandeesha MC, Varghese JJ, Keshavanath P. Effect of varying protein and lipid levels on the growth of Rohu Labeo rohita. Asian Fisheries Science. 1997; 10: 139-147.

65. Cho SH, Lee SM, Lee JH. Effect of dietary protein and lipid levels on growth and body composition of juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L ) reared under optimum salinity and temperature conditions. Aquaculture Nutrition. 2005; 11: 235-240.

66. Bureau DP, Harris AM, Cho CY. The effects of purified alcohol extracts from soy products on feed intake and growth of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture. 1998; 161: 27-43.

67. Reigh RC, Ellis SC. Effects of dietary soybean and fish-protein ratios on growth and body composition of red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) fed isonitrogenous diets. Aquaculture. 1992; 104: 279-292.

68. Refstie S, Helland SJ, Trond S . Adaptation to soybean meal in diets for rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture. 1997; 153: 263-272.

69. Refstie S, Korsoen OJ, Storebakken T, Baeverfjord G, Lein I, Roem AJ. Differing nutritional responses to dietary soybean meal in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar). Aquaculture. 2000; 190: 49-63.

70. McGoogan BB, Gatlin DM III. Effects of replacing fish meal with soybean meal in diets for red drum Sciaenops ocelltus and potential for palatability enhancement. Journal of World Aquaculture Society. 1997; 28: 374-385.

71. Hernandez MD, Martinez FJ, Jover M, Garcia GB. Effects of partial replacement of fish meal by soybean meal in sharp-snout seabream (Diplodus puntazzo) diet. Aquaculture. 2007; 263: 159-167.

72. Chou RL, Her B, Su MS, Hwang G, Wu YH, Chen HY. Substituting fish meal with soybean meal in diets of juvenile cobia Rachycentron canadum. Aquaculture. 2004; 229: 325-333.

73. Wang Y, Kong LJ, Li C, Bureau DP. Effect of replacing fish meal with soybean meal on growth feed utilization and carcass composition of cuneate drum (Nibea miichthioides). Aquaculture. 2006; 261:1307-1313.

74. Giri SS, Sahoo SK, Sahu AK, Mohanty SN, Mukhopadhyay PK. Growth feed utilization and carcass composition of catfish Clarias batrachus (Linn.) fingerlings fed on dried fish and chicken viscera incorporated diets. Aquaculture Research. 2000a; 31: 767-771.

75. Giri SS, Sahoo SK, Sahu AK, Mohanty SN, Mukhopadhyay PK. Nutrient digestibility and intestinal enzyme activity of Clarias batrachus (Linn ) juveniles fed on dried fish and chicken viscera incorporated diets. Bioresource Technology. 2000b; 71: 97-101.

76. Giri SS, Sahoo SK, Lenka S, Rangacharyalu, Paul BN, Sahu AK, Mohanty SN, Mukhopadhyay PK. Effects of partial replacement of dietary fish meal goat liver and shrimp meal on growth and survival of Clarias batrachus. Indian Journal of Animal Science. 2005; 75 (8): 977-981.

77. Khan KS, Ang KJ, Ambak MA. The effect of varying dietary protein level on the growth food conversion protein utilization and body composition of tropical catfish Mystus nemurus (C V) cultured in static pond water system. Aquaculture Research. 1996; 27: 823-829.

78. Eyo AA. The utilization of iso-nitrogenous feed mixtures containing blood meal fish meal groundnut cake and soybean meal by fingerling mudfish Clarias anguillaris In: The Annual Report of National Institute of Freshwater Fish Research Nigeria.1991; pp 96-103.

79. Moon HYL Gatlin DM III. Effects of dietary animal proteins on grow¬th and body composition of the red drum (Sciaenops oscellatus). Aquaculture. 1994; 120: 327-340.

80. Gaylord TG, Gatlin DM III. Determination of digestibility coefficients of various feed stuffs for red drum (Sciaenosps ocellatus). Aquaculture. 1996; 139: 303-314.

81. Wee KL, Tacon AGJ. A preliminary study on the dietary protein requirements of Juvenile snakehead. Bulletin of Japanese Society Sci. fish. 1982; 48 (10): 1463-1468.

82. Krogdahl A°, Bakke-McKellep AM, Baeverfjord G. Effects of graded levels of standard soybean meal on intestinal structure mucosal enzyme activities and pancreatic response in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture Nutrition. 2003; 9: 361-371.

83. Romarheim OH, Skrede A, Gao Y, Kroogdahl Aº, Denstadli V, Lilleeng E, Storebakken T. Comparison of white flakes and toasted soybean meal partly replacing fish meal as protein source in extruded feed for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture. 2006; 256: 354-364.

84. Siddiqui TQ, Khan MA. Effects of dietary protein levels on growth feed utilization protein retention efficiency and body composition of young Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry. 2009; 35: 479-488.

85. Emre Y, Sevgilis H, Diler I. Replacing fish meal with poultry by-product meal in practical diets for mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio) fingerlings. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 2003; 3: 81-85.

86. Kitabayashi K, Kurata H, Shudo K, Nakamura K, Ishikawa S. Studies on formula feed for Kuruma prawn- III On the growth promoting effects of both arginine and methionine. Bulletin Tokai Reg. Fish Res. Lab. 1971; 65 :119-127.

87. Vaitheswaran S, Ahamad AS. Evaluation of certain substances as growth promoting agents for the prawn Penaeus indicus. Indian Journal of Fish.(1986; 33: 95-105.

88. Lan CC, Pan BS. In vitro digestibility simulating the proteolysis of feed protein in the midgut gland of grass shrimp (Penaeus monodon). Aquaculture. 1993; 109: 59-70.

89. Sudaryono A, Tsvetnenko E, Evans LH. Digestibility studies on fisheries by- product based diets for Penaeus monodon. Aquaculture. 1996; 143(3-4): 331-340.

90. Forster JRM. Studies on the development of compounded diets for prawns In: Proceedings of the first International Conference on Aquaculture Nutrition (Price KS Jr Shaw WN Danberg KS eds ) Delaware Sea Grant College Program US/Japan Aquaculture Panel College of Marine studies University of Delaware Newark NJ USA 1975; pp 229-248.

91. Penaflorida VD. An evaluation of indigenous protein sources as potential component in the feed formulation for the Tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon) using essential amino acid index. Aquaculture. 1989; 83: 319-330.

92. Ng W-K, Soon SC, Hashim R. The dietary protein requirement of a bagrid catfish Mystus nemurus (Cuvier Valenciennes) determined using semi purified diets of varying protein level. Aquaculture Nutrition. 2001: 7: 45-51.

93. Seenappa D, Devaraj KV. Effect of different levels of protein fat and carbohydrate on growth feed utilization and body carcass composition of fingerlings in Catla catla (Ham.). Aquaculture. 1995; 129: 243-249.

94. Yu DH, Gong SY, Lin YC. Effects of replacing fishmeal with soyabean meal on growth body composition and digestive enzyme activities of juvenile Chinese sucker Myxocyprinus asiaticus. Aquaculture Nutrition. 2013; 19: 84-90.

95. APHA. Standard Methods for the examination of water and wastewater 16th edition Published by American Public Health Association Washington DC; 2005.

Article Metrics

210 Absract views 159 PDF Downloads 369 Total views

Related Search

By author names

Citiaion Alert By Google Scholar

Similar Articles

Effects of Dietary Lipid Sources on Growth and Survival of Mudfish Heterobranchus longifilis Fingerlings

Reginald Inodu Keremah, Tarila Terimokumo

Expression and purification of growth hormone from Microminipig (MMP) and its effects on body fat percentage with injection

Shedage Kishor Ashok, Yasushi Kuwabara, Shunnosuke Abe, Eugene Hayato Morita

Evaluation of Spent Mushroom Substrate as biofertilizer for growth improvement of Capsicum annuum L.

Somnath Roy, Shibu Barman, Usha Chakraborty and Bishwanath Chakraborty

Regeneration of plantlets of Piper longum L. through in vitro culture from nodal segmentsb

Bandana Padhan

Growth, physiological and biochemical responses of Meliaceae species - Azadirachta indica and Melia dubia to elevated CO2 concentrations

S. Janani, P. Priyadharshini, R. S. C. Jayaraj, C. Buvaneswaran, Rekha R. Warrier

Isolation of phosphate solubilizing fungi from rhizosphere soil and its effect on seed growth parameters of different crop plants

Murali Mahadevamurthy, Thriveni M Channappa, Manjula Sidappa, Mythrashree S Raghupathi, Amruthesh K Nagaraj

Morel Culture Study Part I: Morchela sp. mycelial growth and nutrient-primed mycelia

Elif Ayse Erdogan Eliuz, Gulden Goksen

Metabolic activities and health indices of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fed varying levels of Zingiber officinale root

Adegbesan Sherifat Ibidunni, Obasa Samuel Olubodun, Abdulraheem Ikililu

Growth Performance and Survival of Clarias gariepinus Larvae Fed with Varying Inclusions of beef Brain Meal

Alain Okoan Achi , Rachel Ahou Koumi, Bruno Yapoga Ossey, Wongbé Yté, Issa Nahoua Ouattara, Célestin Boua Atsé

Biodiversity and biotechnological applications of halophilic microbes for sustainable agriculture

Ajar Nath Yadav, Anil Kumar Saxena

Coleoptilar node - A season-independent explant source for in vitro culture in maize (Zea mays L.)

Pavan Kumar Gudlavalleti, Sreenu Pagidoju , Sridevi Muppala , Reddy Malireddy Kodandarami , Sateesh Kumar Puligandla

Effect of growth hormones in induction of callus, antioxidants, and antibacterial activity in Nerium odorum

Avinash Prakasha, S Umesha

Effects of modulation dietary gelatinized cornstarch/protein ratio on growth performance, feed utilization, and body composition of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings

Y E O Gope yue Maurice , B L E Melecony Celestin, Fagbohoun Bedel, Etchian Assoi Olivier, Dabonne Soumaila

Synergistic Antibacterial Effect of Silver Nanoparticles and Extremely Low-Frequency Pulsed Magnetic Fields on Klebsiella pneumoniae

Mai I. El-kaliuoby, Alaa M. Khalil, Ahmed M. El-Khatib, Thanaa I. Shalaby

Antimicrobial applications of sophorolipid from Candida bombicola: A promising alternative to conventional drugs

Victoria Akemi Itakura Silveira, Christiane Aparecida Urzedo Queiroz Freitas, Maria Antonia Pedrine Colabone Celligoi

Effect of different culture media on growth of Chlorella sorokiniana and the influence of microalgal effluents on the germination of lettuce seeds

Dagon Manoel Ribeiro, Géssica Tais Zanetti, Maria Heloisa Moreno Julião, Tathiana Elisa Masetto, Jane Mary Lafayette Neves Gelinski, Gustavo Graciano Fonseca

Effect of different industrial and domestic effluents on growth, yield, and heavy metal accumulation in Turnip (Brassica rapa L.)

Noor ul Ain, Qurat ul Ain, Sadaf Javeria, Sana Ashiq, Kanwal Ashiq, Muhammad Sufyan Akhtar

Screening and characterization of siderophore producing endophytic bacteria from Cicer arietinum and Pisum sativum plants

Rajat Maheshwari, Namita Bhutani, Pooja Suneja

Comparative study of three locally available feeds on the growth and nutritional quality of Oreochromis niloticus juveniles

Ella Pélagie Larissa Kouadio, Ahou Rachel Koumi, Tia Jean Gonnety, Boua Célestin Atsé, Lucien Patrice Kouamé

Callus induction, Indirect Organogenesis and Plantlet Regeneration from different explants of Vernonia anthelmintica (L.) Willd

Maya Rajan, Shahena Soororbhavan, Vinaya Chandran, Linu Mathew

Optimization of physical parameters for the growth and lipid production in Nannochloropsis gaditana (Lubian, 1982)

Shyni MarKose, Ajan Chellappan, Praba Thangamani, Subilal George, Selvaraj Thangaswamy, Citarasu Thavasimuthu, Michaelbabu Mariavincent

Dye degradation potential and its degradative enzymes synthesis of Bacillus cereus SKB12 isolated from a textile industrial effluent

Thangaraj Sheela, Senthil Kumar Sadasivam

Nutritional requirements for the enhanced mycelial growth and yield performance of Trametes versicolor

Bich Thuy Thi Nguyen, Ve Van Le, Huyen Trang Thi Nguyen, Luyen Thi Nguyen, Thuy Trang Thi Tran, Nghien Xuan Ngo

Enhanced production of a bioactive molecule from a symbiotic marine bacterium, Paenibacillus macerans SAM 9 isolated from the sea anemone, Heteractis aurora

Thayanithi Bharathi, Kathirvelu Sambandan, Kandasamy Sivasubramani

Bioprospecting of endophytic bacteria from the Indian Himalayas and their role in plant growth promotion of maize (Zea mays L.)

Kusam Lata Rana, Divjot Kour, Tanvir Kaur, Rubee Devi, Ashok Yadav, Ajar Nath Yadav

Bacterial endophytes from halophyte black saxaul (Haloxylon aphyllum Minkw.) and their plant growth-promoting properties

Vyacheslav Shurigin,, Begali Alikulov, Kakhramon Davranov, Zafar Ismailov

Inducing the growth and flowering of caraway (Carum carvi L.) plant

Hanan M. H. Ali, Dalia Abdel Halim M. Sallam

Growth-promoting effects of marine microalgae species using tropical forest soil extracts

Kasturi Arumugam, Nor Suhaila Yaacob, Hasdianty Abdullah, Mohd Fadzli Ahmad, Maegala Nallapan Maniyam, Emi Fazlina Hashim, Fridelina Sjahrir, Wan Muhammad Ikram, Kazuhiro Komatsu, Victor S. Kuwahara

Evaluation of common wastewaters on the growth of alga Spirulina

Tassnapa Wongsnansilp, Wikit Phinrub

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as a potential biofertilizers for agricultural sustainability

Kumar Anand, Gaurav Kumar Pandey, Tanvir Kaur, Olivia Pericak, Collin Olson, Rajinikanth Mohan, Kriti Akansha, Ashok Yadav, Rubee Devi, Divjot Kour, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Manish Kumar, Ajar Nath Yadav

Phosphate-Solubilizing Microorganisms for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Structural and functional diversity of plant growth promoting microbiomes for agricultural sustainability

Tanvir Kaur, Divjot Kour, Olivia Pericak, Collin Olson, Rajinikanth Mohan, Ashok Yadav, Shashank Mishra, Manish Kumar, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav

Abiotic stress signaling in plants and transgenic technology as a triumph: A review

Seetha Babu Manepalli, Shraddha Tomar, Dinkar J. Gaikwad, Sagar Maitra

Potassium-Solubilizing Microorganisms for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Implications of abiotic stress tolerance in arbuscular mycorrhiza colonized plants: Importance in plant growth and regulation

Madhulika Singh,, Sanskriti Bisht, Shatrupa Singh, Jai Gopal Sharma

Effect of nutrient media enhanced with plant-growth regulators on indirect somatic embryogenesis induction for the tissue culture of Digitalis purpurea

Mohammed Ahmed Al-Oqab, Salim Zaid, Youssef Al-Ammouri

Effect of liquid seaweed (Ulva rigida) extract on the growth and rooting of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.)

Najat Zouari, Hanane Bougdaoua, Noureddine El Mtili

Occurrence of two endophytic associative nitrogen-fixing Caulobacter spp., from three non-nodulating endemic legumes based on nifH gene analysis

N. Thamizhseran, Ganesh V. Shendye

Stress Adaptive Phosphorus Solubilizing Microbiomes for Agricultural Sustainability

Divjot Kour, Ajar Nath Yadav

Microbial diversity of Azadirachta indica (Neem) gum: An unexplored niche

Pragya Saxena,, Hillol Chakdar, Arjun Singh, Sheetal Shirodkar, Alok K. Srivastava

Impact of different levels of iron fertilizer on growth and yield physiology of Kodo millet under rainfed conditions – An overview

R. Samundeswari, N. Jeyapandiyan, M. Anitha, J. Patricia Kalaiarasi, R. Susan Poonguzhali, C. Jayapradha, S. Rathikannu, K. Udhaya Kumar

Isolation and characterization of robust plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria from lignite mines, Gujarat

Ravi Patel, Dilip N. Borada, Amisha Patel, Neil J. Shah

Effect of nutrient media enhanced with plant growth regulators on genetic stability in sub-cultures of Digitalis purpurea callus

Mohammed Ahmed AL-Oqab, Salim Zaid, Youssef Al-Ammouri, Shawqi H. Alawdi

Endophytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria: Untapped treasurer for agricultural sustainability

Kusam Lata Rana, Divjot Kour, Tanvir Kaur, Rajeshwari Negi, Rubee Devi, Neelam Yadav, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Sangram Singh, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ashok Yadav, R. Z. Sayyed, Ajar Nath Yadav

Rhizospheres of Rubus ellipticus and Ageratina riparia from Meghalaya exhibit Actinomycetota that promote plant growth

Debulman Syiemiong, Dhruva Kumar Jha, Samrat Adhikari, Dapkupar Mylliemngap, Richborn Kharbuki, Dominic Lyngdoh, Joel Paul Warlarpih, Neha Paul, Kevin Matthew Lamare, Chalcedony Wahlang, Rangehbok Lyngkhoi

Impact of dietary fats on fatty acids profile of threatened Asian cafish (Clarias batrachus, Linnaeus, 1758)

P.P. Srivastava , Akhilesh K. Yadav, Shipra Chowdhary, Pradeep Shrivastava, R. Dayal, G.Venkateshwarlu, W. S. Lakra

Morphological status of multipolar neurons in the lateral cortical area of the telencephalon of a catfish, Clarias batrachus: A Golgi study

Banalata Mohanty, Anil Kumar Ojha