Research Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 4, July-August, 2016

Growth responses on major replacement of animal protein with plant protein and graded levels of dietary supplement amino sugar, glucosamine in threatened Magur (Clarias batrachus, Linnaeus, 1758) fry

Shipra Chowdhary P. P. Srivastava J.K. Jena S. Raizada A.K. Yadav R. Dayal S. Misra   

Open Access   

Published:  Aug 26, 2016

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2016.40404

A 12-week feeding trial was performed to evaluate the use of animal and plant protein, in combination with dietary supplement glucosamine (GlcN) an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids on threatened Asian catfish fry, Clarias batrachus fry (av. wt. 0.23 ± 0.02 to 0.25 ± 0.03g). Six practical feeds (CP 34.27 to 43.52 %, kcal/100g 377.1 to 399, and total fat 1.67 to 6.70%) were formulated on the basis of whole animal or animal-plant combined protein feeds blended with GlcN at 0.5, 5.0 and 10.0%. The six-feeds were prepared by blending with GlcN (F-1, PAG::0:100:0.5; F-2, PAG::0:100:5.0; F-3, PAG::0:100:10.0; F-4, PAG::75:25:0.5; F-5, PAG::75:25:5.0; F-6, PAG::75:25:10.0). The best growth performance was recorded in fish fed F-2 feed among the animal protein group feeding regime (F-1 to F-3) as 0.56±0.04g followed by F-3 (0.46±0.02g) and F-1 (0.38±0.02g). The survival ranged with 60±4.3 to 70±2.4% in animal protein rich diets whereas, the survival range recorded as 50±2.4 to 53±2.4% in plant protein rich diets F-4, F-5 and F-6 in comparison to control feed(F-7) showing 43±1.4% survival. The survival significantly (p<0.05) improved in GlcN supplemented feeds (50±2.4 to 70±2.4%) in comparison to control (43±1.4%). The synergistic growth on supplementing proteins and GlcN showed significant variation (p<0.05) in case of weight gain, FCR, SGR and PER. Results suggests that animal protein feeds were much acceptable than plant protein diets by C. batrachus fry and the dietary supplement amino sugar GlcN showed a significant role in survival and growth of the fish at early stage of life.

Keyword:     Glucosamine Growth Animal & Plant protein Clarias batrachus Fry.


Chowdhary S, Srivastava PP, Jena JK, Raizada S, Yadav AK, Dayal R, Misra S. Growth responses on major replacement of animal protein with plant protein and graded levels of dietary supplement amino sugar, glucosamine in threatened Magur (Clarias batrachus, Linnaeus, 1758) fry. J App Biol Biotech. 2016; 4 (04): 042-050. DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2016.40404

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

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Growth-promoting effects of marine microalgae species using tropical forest soil extracts

Kasturi Arumugam, Nor Suhaila Yaacob, Hasdianty Abdullah, Mohd Fadzli Ahmad, Maegala Nallapan Maniyam, Emi Fazlina Hashim, Fridelina Sjahrir, Wan Muhammad Ikram, Kazuhiro Komatsu, Victor S. Kuwahara

Evaluation of common wastewaters on the growth of alga Spirulina

Tassnapa Wongsnansilp, Wikit Phinrub

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as a potential biofertilizers for agricultural sustainability

Kumar Anand, Gaurav Kumar Pandey, Tanvir Kaur, Olivia Pericak, Collin Olson, Rajinikanth Mohan, Kriti Akansha, Ashok Yadav, Rubee Devi, Divjot Kour, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Manish Kumar, Ajar Nath Yadav

Phosphate-Solubilizing Microorganisms for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Structural and functional diversity of plant growth promoting microbiomes for agricultural sustainability

Tanvir Kaur, Divjot Kour, Olivia Pericak, Collin Olson, Rajinikanth Mohan, Ashok Yadav, Shashank Mishra, Manish Kumar, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav

Abiotic stress signaling in plants and transgenic technology as a triumph: A review

Seetha Babu Manepalli, Shraddha Tomar, Dinkar J. Gaikwad, Sagar Maitra

Potassium Solubilizing Microorganisms for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Implications of abiotic stress tolerance in arbuscular mycorrhiza colonized plants: Importance in plant growth and regulation

Madhulika Singh,, Sanskriti Bisht, Shatrupa Singh, Jai Gopal Sharma

Effect of nutrient media enhanced with plant-growth regulators on indirect somatic embryogenesis induction for the tissue culture of Digitalis purpurea

Mohammed Ahmed Al-Oqab, Salim Zaid, Youssef Al-Ammouri

Effect of liquid seaweed (Ulva rigida) extract on the growth and rooting of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.)

Najat Zouari, Hanane Bougdaoua, Noureddine El Mtili

Occurrence of two endophytic associative nitrogen-fixing Caulobacter spp., from three non-nodulating endemic legumes based on nifH gene analysis

N. Thamizhseran, Ganesh V. Shendye

Stress Adaptive Phosphorus Solubilizing Microbiomes for Agricultural Sustainability

Divjot Kour, Ajar Nath Yadav

Microbial diversity of Azadirachta indica (Neem) gum: An unexplored niche

Pragya Saxena,, Hillol Chakdar, Arjun Singh, Sheetal Shirodkar, Alok K. Srivastava

Impact of different levels of iron fertilizer on growth and yield physiology of Kodo millet under rainfed conditions – An overview

R. Samundeswari, N. Jeyapandiyan, M. Anitha, J. Patricia Kalaiarasi, R. Susan Poonguzhali, C. Jayapradha, S. Rathikannu, K. Udhaya Kumar

Isolation and characterization of robust plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria from lignite mines, Gujarat

Ravi Patel, Dilip N. Borada, Amisha Patel, Neil J. Shah

Effect of nutrient media enhanced with plant growth regulators on genetic stability in sub-cultures of Digitalis purpurea callus

Mohammed Ahmed AL-Oqab, Salim Zaid, Youssef Al-Ammouri, Shawqi H. Alawdi

Endophytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria: Untapped treasurer for agricultural sustainability

Kusam Lata Rana, Divjot Kour, Tanvir Kaur, Rajeshwari Negi, Rubee Devi, Neelam Yadav, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Sangram Singh, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ashok Yadav, R. Z. Sayyed, Ajar Nath Yadav

Rhizospheres of Rubus ellipticus and Ageratina riparia from Meghalaya exhibit Actinomycetota that promote plant growth

Debulman Syiemiong, Dhruva Kumar Jha, Samrat Adhikari, Dapkupar Mylliemngap, Richborn Kharbuki, Dominic Lyngdoh, Joel Paul Warlarpih, Neha Paul, Kevin Matthew Lamare, Chalcedony Wahlang, Rangehbok Lyngkhoi

An update about plant growth promoting Streptomyces species

Fatimah K. Al-Tammar, Ashraf Y. Z. Khalifa,

Minerals Solubilizing Microbes for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Application of the PCR and allele-specific PCR-nucleic acid lateral flow immunoassay for the detection of the SRY gene and the G1138A mutation in the FGFR3 gene for the human DNA

Anupong Sukjai, Theerapong Puangmali, Khunton Wichajarn, Monthira Monthatong

Nano-biofertilizers for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav,, Divjot Kour, Neelam Yadav

Rhizospheric microbiomes for agricultural sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav,, Divjot Kour, Neelam Yadav

The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation affects plant growth and flavonoid content in tomato plant (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.)

Rusdi Hasan, Tia Setiawati, Dede Sukirman, Mohamad Nurzaman

Cytokine disbalance in the rats’ kidneys following Leiurus macroctenus envenomation

Ruzhena Matkivska, Serhii Shchypanskyi, Nataliia Raksha, Tetiana Vovk, Tetiana Halenova, Oleksandr Maievskyi, Olexiy Savchuk, Liudmyla Ostapchenko

Improvement in productivity of strawberry (Fragaria X ananassa Duch.) under vertical farming system

Pallvi Verma, Gurpreet Singh, Shailesh Kumar Singh, Anis Ahmad Mirza, Manish Bakshi, Anmol, Lakshya Bishnoi

Formulation and effectivity of consortia of potential plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria from chickpea (Cicer arietinum)

Pradeep Kumar, Jitender Rathee, Simran Rani, Pooja Suneja

Growth and yield of carrot (Daucus carota L.) as influenced by seed priming

Sunandha Pusuluri, Monisha Rawat, Khushboo Kathayat

Impact of dietary fats on fatty acids profile of threatened Asian cafish (Clarias batrachus, Linnaeus, 1758)

P.P. Srivastava , Akhilesh K. Yadav, Shipra Chowdhary, Pradeep Shrivastava, R. Dayal, G.Venkateshwarlu, W. S. Lakra

Morphological status of multipolar neurons in the lateral cortical area of the telencephalon of a catfish, Clarias batrachus: A Golgi study

Banalata Mohanty, Anil Kumar Ojha