Growth and yield of carrot (Daucus carota L.) as influenced by seed priming

Sunandha Pusuluri Monisha Rawat Khushboo Kathayat   

Open Access   

Published:  May 03, 2024

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2024.160581
Abstract

The research work was conducted at the Horticulture Farm of the School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, from October 2021 to February 2022 to examine the influence of seed priming on the growth and yield of carrots in the Punjab region. The experiment was conducted using a two-factorial randomized block design replicated thrice. The first factor consisted of fourteen priming agents (T1- Zinc (ZnSO4 at 1%), T2- GA3 (50 ppm), T3- GA3 (100 ppm), T4- Cinnamon (10%), T5- Cinnamon (15%), T6- Coconut water (5%), T7- Coconut water (12.5%), T8- Panchagavya (3%), T9- Panchagavya (5%), T10- KNO3 (0.5%), T11- KCl (1%), T12- Cow urine (2%), T13- Cow urine (5%), T14- Water) and one control (T15- Unprimed seeds). The second factor comprised two commercial cultivars, namely, V1- Carrot Deep Red and V2- Black Wonder. Results revealed that the application of 100 ppm GA3, Panchagavya (5%), cow urine (2%), and coconut water (5%) as priming agents in carrots had better growth and yield as compared to the remaining treatments. Therefore, priming carrot seeds could be recommended as an effective method to improve the performance of the plants in terms of both growth and yield attributes.


Keyword:     Carrot GA3 Growth Panchagavya Seed priming Yield


Citation:

Pusuluri S, Rawat M, Kathayat K. Growth and yield of carrot (Daucus carota L.) as influenced by seed priming. J App Biol Biotech. 2024. Online First. http://doi.org/10.7324/JABB.2024.160581

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

HTML Full Text
Reference

1. Hazra P, Som MG. Vegetable Science. 2nd ed. Ludhiana: Kalyani Publishers; 2015. p. 359-65.

2. Anonymous. National Horticultural Board Data Base; 2018. Available from: http://www.nhb.gov.in [Last accessed on 2023 Aug 14].

3. Da Silva Dias JC. Nutritional and health benefits of carrots and their seed extracts. Nutr Food Sci 2014;5:2147. https://doi.org/10.4236/fns.2014.522227

4. Nunez J, Hartz T, Suslow T, McGiffen M, Natwick ET. Carrot production in California. California: University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources; 2008. https://doi.org/10.3733/ucanr.7226

5. Waqas M, Korres NE, Khan MD, Nizami AS, Deeba F, Ali I, et al. Advances in the concept and methods of seed priming. In: Priming and Pretreatment of Seeds and Seedlings: Implication in Plant Stress Tolerance and Enhancing Productivity in Crop Plants. Singapore: Springer; 2019. p. 11-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-8625-1_2

6. Eisvand HR, Shahrosvand S, Zahedi B, Heidari S, Afrougheh S. Effects of hydro-priming and hormonal priming by gibberellin and salicylic acid on seed and seedling quality of carrot (Daucus carota var. sativus). Iran J Plant Physiol 2011;1:233-9.

7. Dessalew F, Ejeta M, Mola T, Haile M. Effect of halo, hydro and hormonal-priming on germination, seedling growth, seedling vigor and seed yield of carrot (Daucus carota) seed. Int J Nov Res Interdiscip Stud 2022;9:1-8.

8. Sheoran OP, Tonk DS, Kaushik LS, Hasija RC, Pannu RS. Statistical Software Package for Agricultural Research Workers. Recent Advances in Information Theory, Statistics and Computer Applications. Vol. 8. Hisar. Department of Mathematics Statistics, CCS HAU; 1998. p. 139-43.

9. Anwar A, Xianchang YU, Yansu LI. Seed priming as a promising technique to improve growth, chlorophyll, photosynthesis and nutrient contents in cucumber seedlings. Not Bot Horti Agrobotanici Cluj Napoca 2020;48:116-27. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48111806

10. Mazed HK, Haque MN, Irin IJ, Ashraful M, Pulok I, Abdullah AH. Effect of seed priming on growth, yield and seed quality of chickpea (BARI chhola-6). Int J Multidiscip Res Dev 2015;2:142-47.

11. Agawane RB, Parhe SD. Effect of seed priming on crop growth and seed yield of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merill]. Bioscan 2015;10:265-70.

12. Thejeshwini B, Manohar Rao A, Nayak MH, Sultana R. Effect of seed priming on plant growth and bulb yield in onion (Allium cepa L.). Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 2019;8:1242-9. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.131

13. Shahzad R, Khan J, Gurmani AR, Waqas M, Hamayun M, Khan AL, et al. Seed priming with gibberellic acid (GA3) in sponge-gourd modulated high salinity stress. J Life Sci 2014;2:75-86.

14. Arun MN, Hebbar SS, Bhanuprakash K, Senthivel T, Nair AK, Pandey DP. Influence of seed priming and different irrigation levels on growth parameters of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp]. Legum Res An Int J 2020;43:99-104.

15. Tahir MT, Anjum MA, Saqib M, Khalid MF, Hussain S. Seed primig and foliar application of plant growth regulators affect the growth and yield of okra under calcareous soils. Acta Sci Pol Hortorum Cultus 2019;18:25-33. https://doi.org/10.24326/asphc.2019.4.3

16. Jafri N, Mazid M, Mohammad F. Responses of seed priming with gibberellic acid on yield and oil quality of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Indian J Agric Res 2015;49:235-40. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-058X.2015.00036.0

17. Ashraf M, Karim F, Rasul E. Interactive effects of gibberellic acid (GA 3) and salt stress on growth, ion accumulation and photosynthetic capacity of two spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Plant Growth Regul 2002;36:49-59. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014780630479

18. Shahid MR, Amjad M, Ziaf K, Jahangir MM, Ahmad S, Iqbal Q, Nawaz A. Growth, yield and seed production of okra as influenced by different growth regulators. Pak J Agric Sci 2013;50:387-92.

19. Riley JM. Gibberellic acid for fruit set and seed germination. CRFG J 1987;19:10-2.

20. Tewari N, Singh P, Lal C, Katiyar PK, Vaish CP. Effect of presowing seed treatment on germination, growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.). Seed Res 2019;29:238-9.

21. Swain SM, Singh DP. Tall tales from sly dwarves: Novel functions of gibberellins in plant development. Trends Plant Sci 2005;10:123-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2005.01.007

22. Kumbar B, Devakumar N. Effect of jeevamrutha and panchagavya on growth, yield and microbial population of french bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Adv Life Sci 2016;5:3619-23.

23. Pathak RK, Ram RA. Bio-enhancers: A potential tool to improve soil fertility, plant health in organic production of horticultural crops. Progress Hortic 2013;45:237-54.

24. Davies PJ. The plant hormones: Their nature, occurrence, and functions. In: Plant Hormones: Biosynthesis, Signal Transduction, Action! Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-2686-7_1

Article Metrics
29 Views 1 Downloads 30 Total

Year

Month

Related Search

By author names

Similar Articles

Establishment of in vitro regeneration from petiole explants and assessment of clonal fidelity by ISSR markers in Luffa acutangula L.Roxb

Yashodhara Velivela, Muralikrishna Narra, Raghu Ellendula, Srinivas Kota, Sadanandam Abbagani

Effect of GA3 treatments and sowing conditions on ex situ seed germination of Oroxylum indicum (L) Benth. Ex Kurz: A threatened high value medicinal plant

Aseesh Pandey , Ngalengshim Ngashangva , Sushma Tamta

Effects of Dietary Lipid Sources on Growth and Survival of Mudfish Heterobranchus longifilis Fingerlings

Reginald Inodu Keremah, Tarila Terimokumo

Expression and purification of growth hormone from Microminipig (MMP) and its effects on body fat percentage with injection

Shedage Kishor Ashok, Yasushi Kuwabara, Shunnosuke Abe, Eugene Hayato Morita

Evaluation of Spent Mushroom Substrate as biofertilizer for growth improvement of Capsicum annuum L.

Somnath Roy, Shibu Barman, Usha Chakraborty and Bishwanath Chakraborty

Regeneration of plantlets of Piper longum L. through in vitro culture from nodal segmentsb

Bandana Padhan

Growth, physiological and biochemical responses of Meliaceae species - Azadirachta indica and Melia dubia to elevated CO2 concentrations

S. Janani, P. Priyadharshini, R. S. C. Jayaraj, C. Buvaneswaran, Rekha R. Warrier

Growth responses on major replacement of animal protein with plant protein and graded levels of dietary supplement amino sugar, glucosamine in threatened Magur (Clarias batrachus, Linnaeus, 1758) fry

Shipra Chowdhary, P. P. Srivastava , J.K. Jena, S. Raizada, A.K. Yadav, R. Dayal, S. Misra

Isolation of phosphate solubilizing fungi from rhizosphere soil and its effect on seed growth parameters of different crop plants

Murali Mahadevamurthy, Thriveni M Channappa, Manjula Sidappa, Mythrashree S Raghupathi, Amruthesh K Nagaraj

Morel Culture Study Part I: Morchela sp. mycelial growth and nutrient-primed mycelia

Elif Ayse Erdogan Eliuz, Gulden Goksen

Metabolic activities and health indices of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fed varying levels of Zingiber officinale root

Adegbesan Sherifat Ibidunni, Obasa Samuel Olubodun, Abdulraheem Ikililu

Growth Performance and Survival of Clarias gariepinus Larvae Fed with Varying Inclusions of beef Brain Meal

Alain Okoan Achi , Rachel Ahou Koumi, Bruno Yapoga Ossey, Wongbé Yté, Issa Nahoua Ouattara, Célestin Boua Atsé

Biodiversity and biotechnological applications of halophilic microbes for sustainable agriculture

Ajar Nath Yadav, Anil Kumar Saxena

Coleoptilar node - A season-independent explant source for in vitro culture in maize (Zea mays L.)

Pavan Kumar Gudlavalleti, Sreenu Pagidoju , Sridevi Muppala , Reddy Malireddy Kodandarami , Sateesh Kumar Puligandla

Effect of growth hormones in induction of callus, antioxidants, and antibacterial activity in Nerium odorum

Avinash Prakasha, S Umesha

Effects of modulation dietary gelatinized cornstarch/protein ratio on growth performance, feed utilization, and body composition of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings

Y E O Gope yue Maurice , B L E Melecony Celestin, Fagbohoun Bedel, Etchian Assoi Olivier, Dabonne Soumaila

Synergistic Antibacterial Effect of Silver Nanoparticles and Extremely Low-Frequency Pulsed Magnetic Fields on Klebsiella pneumoniae

Mai I. El-kaliuoby, Alaa M. Khalil, Ahmed M. El-Khatib, Thanaa I. Shalaby

Antimicrobial applications of sophorolipid from Candida bombicola: A promising alternative to conventional drugs

Victoria Akemi Itakura Silveira, Christiane Aparecida Urzedo Queiroz Freitas, Maria Antonia Pedrine Colabone Celligoi

Effect of different culture media on growth of Chlorella sorokiniana and the influence of microalgal effluents on the germination of lettuce seeds

Dagon Manoel Ribeiro, Géssica Tais Zanetti, Maria Heloisa Moreno Julião, Tathiana Elisa Masetto, Jane Mary Lafayette Neves Gelinski, Gustavo Graciano Fonseca

Effect of different industrial and domestic effluents on growth, yield, and heavy metal accumulation in Turnip (Brassica rapa L.)

Noor ul Ain, Qurat ul Ain, Sadaf Javeria, Sana Ashiq, Kanwal Ashiq, Muhammad Sufyan Akhtar

Screening and characterization of siderophore producing endophytic bacteria from Cicer arietinum and Pisum sativum plants

Rajat Maheshwari, Namita Bhutani, Pooja Suneja

Comparative study of three locally available feeds on the growth and nutritional quality of Oreochromis niloticus juveniles

Ella Pélagie Larissa Kouadio, Ahou Rachel Koumi, Tia Jean Gonnety, Boua Célestin Atsé, Lucien Patrice Kouamé

Callus induction, Indirect Organogenesis and Plantlet Regeneration from different explants of Vernonia anthelmintica (L.) Willd

Maya Rajan, Shahena Soororbhavan, Vinaya Chandran, Linu Mathew

Optimization of physical parameters for the growth and lipid production in Nannochloropsis gaditana (Lubian, 1982)

Shyni MarKose, Ajan Chellappan, Praba Thangamani, Subilal George, Selvaraj Thangaswamy, Citarasu Thavasimuthu, Michaelbabu Mariavincent

Dye degradation potential and its degradative enzymes synthesis of Bacillus cereus SKB12 isolated from a textile industrial effluent

Thangaraj Sheela, Senthil Kumar Sadasivam

Nutritional requirements for the enhanced mycelial growth and yield performance of Trametes versicolor

Bich Thuy Thi Nguyen, Ve Van Le, Huyen Trang Thi Nguyen, Luyen Thi Nguyen, Thuy Trang Thi Tran, Nghien Xuan Ngo

Enhanced production of a bioactive molecule from a symbiotic marine bacterium, Paenibacillus macerans SAM 9 isolated from the sea anemone, Heteractis aurora

Thayanithi Bharathi, Kathirvelu Sambandan, Kandasamy Sivasubramani

Bioprospecting of endophytic bacteria from the Indian Himalayas and their role in plant growth promotion of maize (Zea mays L.)

Kusam Lata Rana, Divjot Kour, Tanvir Kaur, Rubee Devi, Ashok Yadav, Ajar Nath Yadav

Bacterial endophytes from halophyte black saxaul (Haloxylon aphyllum Minkw.) and their plant growth-promoting properties

Vyacheslav Shurigin,, Begali Alikulov, Kakhramon Davranov, Zafar Ismailov

Inducing the growth and flowering of caraway (Carum carvi L.) plant

Hanan M. H. Ali, Dalia Abdel Halim M. Sallam

Growth-promoting effects of marine microalgae species using tropical forest soil extracts

Kasturi Arumugam, Nor Suhaila Yaacob, Hasdianty Abdullah, Mohd Fadzli Ahmad, Maegala Nallapan Maniyam, Emi Fazlina Hashim, Fridelina Sjahrir, Wan Muhammad Ikram, Kazuhiro Komatsu, Victor S. Kuwahara

Evaluation of common wastewaters on the growth of alga Spirulina

Tassnapa Wongsnansilp, Wikit Phinrub

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as a potential biofertilizers for agricultural sustainability

Kumar Anand, Gaurav Kumar Pandey, Tanvir Kaur, Olivia Pericak, Collin Olson, Rajinikanth Mohan, Kriti Akansha, Ashok Yadav, Rubee Devi, Divjot Kour, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Manish Kumar, Ajar Nath Yadav

Phosphate-Solubilizing Microorganisms for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Structural and functional diversity of plant growth promoting microbiomes for agricultural sustainability

Tanvir Kaur, Divjot Kour, Olivia Pericak, Collin Olson, Rajinikanth Mohan, Ashok Yadav, Shashank Mishra, Manish Kumar, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav

Abiotic stress signaling in plants and transgenic technology as a triumph: A review

Seetha Babu Manepalli, Shraddha Tomar, Dinkar J. Gaikwad, Sagar Maitra

Potassium Solubilizing Microorganisms for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Implications of abiotic stress tolerance in arbuscular mycorrhiza colonized plants: Importance in plant growth and regulation

Madhulika Singh,, Sanskriti Bisht, Shatrupa Singh, Jai Gopal Sharma

Effect of nutrient media enhanced with plant-growth regulators on indirect somatic embryogenesis induction for the tissue culture of Digitalis purpurea

Mohammed Ahmed Al-Oqab, Salim Zaid, Youssef Al-Ammouri

Effect of liquid seaweed (Ulva rigida) extract on the growth and rooting of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.)

Najat Zouari, Hanane Bougdaoua, Noureddine El Mtili

Occurrence of two endophytic associative nitrogen-fixing Caulobacter spp., from three non-nodulating endemic legumes based on nifH gene analysis

N. Thamizhseran, Ganesh V. Shendye

Stress Adaptive Phosphorus Solubilizing Microbiomes for Agricultural Sustainability

Divjot Kour, Ajar Nath Yadav

Microbial diversity of Azadirachta indica (Neem) gum: An unexplored niche

Pragya Saxena,, Hillol Chakdar, Arjun Singh, Sheetal Shirodkar, Alok K. Srivastava

Impact of different levels of iron fertilizer on growth and yield physiology of Kodo millet under rainfed conditions – An overview

R. Samundeswari, N. Jeyapandiyan, M. Anitha, J. Patricia Kalaiarasi, R. Susan Poonguzhali, C. Jayapradha, S. Rathikannu, K. Udhaya Kumar

Isolation and characterization of robust plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria from lignite mines, Gujarat

Ravi Patel, Dilip N. Borada, Amisha Patel, Neil J. Shah

Effect of nutrient media enhanced with plant growth regulators on genetic stability in sub-cultures of Digitalis purpurea callus

Mohammed Ahmed AL-Oqab, Salim Zaid, Youssef Al-Ammouri, Shawqi H. Alawdi

Endophytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria: Untapped treasurer for agricultural sustainability

Kusam Lata Rana, Divjot Kour, Tanvir Kaur, Rajeshwari Negi, Rubee Devi, Neelam Yadav, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Sangram Singh, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ashok Yadav, R. Z. Sayyed, Ajar Nath Yadav

Rhizospheres of Rubus ellipticus and Ageratina riparia from Meghalaya exhibit Actinomycetota that promote plant growth

Debulman Syiemiong, Dhruva Kumar Jha, Samrat Adhikari, Dapkupar Mylliemngap, Richborn Kharbuki, Dominic Lyngdoh, Joel Paul Warlarpih, Neha Paul, Kevin Matthew Lamare, Chalcedony Wahlang, Rangehbok Lyngkhoi

An update about plant growth promoting Streptomyces species

Fatimah K. Al-Tammar, Ashraf Y. Z. Khalifa,

Minerals Solubilizing Microbes for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Application of the PCR and allele-specific PCR-nucleic acid lateral flow immunoassay for the detection of the SRY gene and the G1138A mutation in the FGFR3 gene for the human DNA

Anupong Sukjai, Theerapong Puangmali, Khunton Wichajarn, Monthira Monthatong

Nano-biofertilizers for Agricultural Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav,, Divjot Kour, Neelam Yadav

Rhizospheric microbiomes for agricultural sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav,, Divjot Kour, Neelam Yadav

The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation affects plant growth and flavonoid content in tomato plant (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.)

Rusdi Hasan, Tia Setiawati, Dede Sukirman, Mohamad Nurzaman

Cytokine disbalance in the rats’ kidneys following Leiurus macroctenus envenomation

Ruzhena Matkivska, Serhii Shchypanskyi, Nataliia Raksha, Tetiana Vovk, Tetiana Halenova, Oleksandr Maievskyi, Olexiy Savchuk, Liudmyla Ostapchenko

Improvement in productivity of strawberry (Fragaria X ananassa Duch.) under vertical farming system

Pallvi Verma, Gurpreet Singh, Shailesh Kumar Singh, Anis Ahmad Mirza, Manish Bakshi, Anmol, Lakshya Bishnoi

Formulation and effectivity of consortia of potential plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria from chickpea (Cicer arietinum)

Pradeep Kumar, Jitender Rathee, Simran Rani, Pooja Suneja