Variability in Indian wheat germplasm for important quality and physiological traits

Sabhyata Sabhyata Arun Gupta Diwakar Aggarwal Ratan Tiwari Ruchika Sharma Ankush Kumar Gyanendra Singh   

Open Access   

Published:  May 03, 2024

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2024.173543

Knowledge of variability in wheat genotypes is important for proposing crosses intended for development of heterotic combinations with improved stability. The present study consists of 120 wheat genotypes comprised of landraces, genetic stocks, released varieties, and improved genotypes. For the research experiment was conducted field in two rabi seasons (2019–2020 and 2020–2021) at ICAR-IIWBR, Karnal and a total of 120 genotypes were assessed using a randomized block approach for four quality (Zinc, iron, protein content and nitrogen) and six different physiological traits (Normalized difference vegetation index [NDVI]-1, NDVI-2, Soil Plant Analysis development [SPAD]-1, SPAD-2, Canopy Temperature [CT]-1, and CT-2) beside grain yield (GY). The occurrence of significant genetic variability amongst the several genotypes for nutritional and physiological characters indicates the inevitability for utilization of a considerable degree of genetic variation through the process of selection. The genotypic and phenotypic coefficients of variation (Genotypic coefficient of variation and Phenotypic coefficient of variation) exhibited their peak values for the trait GY, tailed by, grain zinc content, nitrogen (%), and SPAD-2. The high heritability values, in conjunction with substantial genetic advances, are indicative of the significance of GY, zinc, nitrogen, and protein content are key traits that hold potential for crop enhancement purposes. The total set of 120 genotypes clustered into 12 discrete sets on the basis of quality and physiological traits using the clustering technique and principal component analysis program available in the Statistical Package for Agricultural Research. Principal components axis 1 to principal component axis 4 unveiled about 71.31% of the total variability. Based on the findings of this study, it can be inferred that the released varieties showed greater performance in terms of grain output, although some landraces displayed higher values for the quality features. Hence, to acquire a comprehensive range of superior quality (Zn, PC, N, and Fe) cum high-yielding segregants, the selected genotypes from clusters “C” and “L” could function as better lines of parentage to organize breeding plans.

Keyword:     Nutritional traits Iron Zinc Protein Physiological traits Wheat Land races


Sabhyata S, Gupta A, Aggarwal D, Tiwari R, Sharma R, Kumar A, Singh G. Variability in Indian wheat germplasm for important quality and physiological traits. J App Biol Biotech. 2024. Online first.

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

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Katherine Pere, Betty Mbatia, Edward Muge, Vitalis W. Wekesa

Effects of modulation dietary gelatinized cornstarch/protein ratio on growth performance, feed utilization, and body composition of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings

Y E O Gope yue Maurice , B L E Melecony Celestin, Fagbohoun Bedel, Etchian Assoi Olivier, Dabonne Soumaila

Long Non-Coding RNAs and their “Orchestration” in Cancers

Venkata Narasimha Kadali, Sheji Chandran, Smitha Murthy

Progress in understanding the regulation and expression of genes during plant somatic embryogenesis: A review

Vikrant, Prajisha Janardhanan

Morphological Trait, Molecular Genetic Evidence and Proteomic Determination of Different Chickens (Gallus gallus) Breeds

Wirot Likittrakulwong, Pisit Poolprasert, Sittiruk Roytrakul

Effect of foliar fertilization with zinc and manganese sulfate on yield, dry matter accumulation, and zinc and manganese contents in leaf and seed of chickpea (Cicer arietinum)

Soheil Kobraee

Detection of virulence genes and investigation of the immunogenicity of outer membrane proteins of Salmonella enterica

Mohamed A. El-Tayeb , Abdelnasser S. S. Ibrahim, Dina A. Maany , Yahya B. Elbadawi, Ali A. Al-Salamah

Study of impact of Wolbachia surface protein on reactive oxygen species production in HepG2 cell line exposed to ethanol

V. P. Kishore, H. P. Puttaraju

Biochemical and cytogenetic effects of Imazethapyr on Cicer arietinum L.

Manijeh Hoseiny-Rad, Ali Ashraf Aivazi

Modulation of photosynthesis, nitrogen fixing ability, and yield attributes of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) to interactive effect NPK fertilizers and municipal wastewater irrigation

Hamid Iqbal Tak

Ab-initio modelling and docking evaluation of geographically derived coat proteins of chilli leaf curl virus with flavonoids and chemical compounds

Gnanaprakash Jeyaraj, Habeeb Shaik Mohideen, A. Swapna Geetanjali

Augmentative role of Piriformospora indica fungus and plant growth promoting bacteria in mitigating salinity stress in Trigonella foenum-graecum

Sanskriti Bisht, Shatrupa Singh, Madhulika Singh,, Jai Gopal Sharma

Computational ligand–receptor docking simulation of piperine with apoptosis-associated factors

Adrianne Dien-Yu Vong, Siaw-San Hwang, Xavier Wezen Chee, Edmund Ui-Hang Sim

Diversity due to mutations in circulating virus strains of SARS-CoV-2 may delay control of COVID-19

Sharanagouda S. Patil, Chandan Shivamallu, Chandan Dharmashekara, Sushma Pradeep, Kuralayanapalya Puttahonnappa Suresh, Ashwini Prasad, Shiva Prasad Kollur, Mahendra P. Yadav, Chandrashekar Srinivasa, Bramhadev Pattnaik

Cloning and expression of a GH11 xylanase from Bacillus pumilus SSP-34 in Pichia pastoris GS115: Purification and characterization

Sagar Krishna Bhat,, Kavya Purushothaman, Appu Rao Gopala Rao Appu Rao, K Ramachandra Kini

Genetic polymorphism of soybean genotypes with contrasting levels of phosphatidylcholine, protein, and lipoxygenase-2

Aseem Kumar Anshu,, Trupti Tayalkar, Anita Rani, Vineet Kumar, Hamendra Singh Parmar

Changes in the embryonic protein profile and hatching as a response to thermal stress in the Eri silkworm, Samia cynthia ricini

Punyavathi, Koushik Hullahalli Kumar, Sentimenla Moatemjen, Likhith Gowda Mahadevegowda, Manjunatha Hosaholalu Boregowda

Bioactivity prediction and molecular docking of phytocompounds from Drynaria quercifolia against osteoarthritis receptors

Raja Lakshman Raj, Giridharan Bupesh, Vaidya Gayatri, Pandiyan Tamizharasi

Evaluation of common wastewaters on the growth of alga Spirulina

Tassnapa Wongsnansilp, Wikit Phinrub

Characterization of the crude extract of Portulaca oleracea and the determination of the polyphenol oxidase kinetics in the presence of Cu and Zn

Omar Mohammad Atrooz, Shada Zaher Al-Maitah

Investigation on the antifungal activity of Aspergillus giganteus in different culture conditions

S. Karthiga, R. Ramya, K. Ramya, S. Jothinayaki, D. Kavitha

Optimization of active antioxidative defatted Canarium indicum L. (Canary) protein hydrolysate production

Cintya Nurul Apsari,, Ilma Nugrahani, Sukrasno, Tutus Gusdinar

Effects of enzymatic hydrolysis on the antioxidant activity of protein hydrolysate derived from the larvae of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens L.)

Muhammad Yusuf Abduh,, Diah Ayu Prawitasari,, Ula Aulia Fitrian,, Mochamad Firmansyah,

Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin a proinflammatory polypeptide necessary for host cell survival in bacterial infection

Nichita Yadav Aare, Pawan Kumar Anoor, Swathi Raju M, N. Srinivas Naik, Sandeepta Burgula

Overview of refolding methods on misfolded recombinant proteins from Escherichia coli inclusion bodies

Ahmad Nabiel, Yosua Yosua, Sriwidodo Sriwidodo, Iman Permana Maksum

Dexras1: A human G protein subcloning, expression, and purification optimization and prediction of its structural determinants

Rashmi Verma, Ashish Thapliyal, Navin Kumar

Production of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein in Escherichia coli and its characterization

Vaishali Verma, Abhishek

System biology study on MtrAB protein-protein interaction network of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Akash Tripathi Satsangi, Rupesh Kumar, Saurabh Kumar Jha, Arun Prasad Chopra, Shazia Haider

Antimicrobial potential of Indian cooperative spider, Stegodyphus sarasinorum, and Golden orb spider, Nephila pilipes hemolymph against pathogenic bacteria

Dhanapal Sangavi, Padur Sankaranarayanan Anisha, Douglas J. H. Shyu, Parthasarathy Thiruchenthil Nathan

Ascorbic acid and calcium chloride modulate protein profile and metabolites to adapt Indian almond seedlings to heat stress

Neven A. Abdullah, Haider S. Sh. AL-Jabir, Hussein J. Shareef

Computational analysis of differential gene expression in rice during abiotic stress

Shivani Devi, Yogeeta Goyal, Mansi Malik, Navjot Kaur, Yamini Sangar, Kashmir Singh, Ruchi Sachdeva

Role of DREB genes in the regulation of salt stress-mediated defense responses in plants

Ashokkumar Ramakrishnan Yadav, Vaishnavi Ashokkumar, Suganthi Muthusamy, Senthilkumar Palanisamy

Traditional cereal-based cuisines from Himachal Pradesh Palampur region and their nutritional profile

Rekha Sharma,, Kalpna Thakur, Monika Kalia, Sonika Kalia,, Divyesh Suvedi

Combinatorial network of transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Rupesh Kumar, Pammi Gauba, Shazia Haider

Optimization strategy for purification and isolation of active lectin from Colocasia esculenta L. Schott rhizome

Yesi Desmiaty, Chaidir Chaidir,, Ariefta Vera Utami, Fauzia Noprima Okta, Gumilar Adhi Nugroho

Influence of synthetic chelators and LMWOAs on the yield and quality attributes of Panicum maximum Jacq. (Poales: Poaceae) in chromium phytoextraction

P. A. Shahidha, A. Bharani, G. K. Dinesh, M. Maheswari, T. Kalaiselvi, E. Kokiladevi

Identification, evaluation and optimization of a minimum simple sequence repeat marker set for triticale breeding

W.C. Botes and D. Bitalo

Changes in chromatin active fraction of germinating seedlings of wheat under the effect of EMI EHF

P.O. Vardevanyan,M.A. Parsadanyan,M.A. Shahinyan,M.R. Darbinyan

An insight into wheat haploid production using wheat x maize wide hybridization

Anjanabha Bhattacharya, Bhavesh Palan, Bharat Char

Beneficial effects of soaking and germination on nutritional quality and bioactive compounds of biofortified wheat derivatives

Meena Verma, Vinod Kumar, Imran Sheikh, Punesh Sangwan, Roop Singh Bora, Ajar Nath Yadav, Harcharan Singh Dhaliwal

Evaluation of seven different wheat cultivars for their resistance to drought in terms of growth indicators and yield

Zeyad H. AL-Fatlawi, Ali Nadhim Farhood, Saleh Abed Alwahed Mahdi, Auday Hamid Taha Al-Tmime

Sensing oxy anodic microbial fuel cell potential of halotolerant protease producer Priestia megaterium BorS17B13 belonging to mangrove biota

Priyanka S. Sawant, Jignasha T. Thumar

Effect of substitution wheat with Fagopyrum esculentum flour and Moringa oleifera leaf powder on the nutritional and sensory characteristics of cookies

Rekha Kaushik, Shiv Kumar, Swarnim Thussu, Poonam Khanna, Rahul Mehra

Optimizing solid-state fermentation for metabolite enrichment by Aspergillus tamarii on rice bran and wheat

Syaefudin Suminto,, Arthur Alba Huang, Uswatun Hasanah, Waras Nurcholis,

Screening and identification of heat tolerance in Indian wheat genotypes using generalized regression neural network (GRNN) model

Anil Kumar, Sadaf Fatima, Iffat Azim, Anshika Negi, Shalini Bhadola, Pooja Jha, Suboot Hairat