Editorial | Volume 12, Issue 1, January, 2024

Rhizospheric microbiomes for agricultural sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav Divjot Kour Neelam Yadav   

Open Access   

Published:  Dec 26, 2023

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2024.1677713
Abstract

Agricultural sustainability rests on a foundation of microbial diversity and activity. Soil consists of the rich biodiversity of microorganisms belonging to all three domains of life i.e archaea, bacteria and eukarya. The rhizosphere is the plenty of extensively colonized zone of the soil due to the availability of nutrients to the microorganisms. Rhizospheric zone is one of the largest ecosystems with the bacterial population being pre-dominant. Bacteria in the rhizospheric region benefit the plants by stimulating their growth and productivity by diverse mechanisms including, production of plant growth regulators, siderophores, fixation of atmospheric nitrogen and solubilization of unavailable and insoluble macro and micronutrients. Plant growth-promoting (PGP) rhizomicrobiomes protect plants against phytopathogens by producing antibiotics, extra-cellular hydrolytic enzymes, prussic acid and ammonia. Furthermore, PGP rhizomicrobiomes also help the plants under abiotic stress of cold, salinity, drought and heavy metals by lowering the levels the inhibitory ethylene, increasing the accumulation of the osmolytes in the plants and production of the ROS scavengers. PGP rhizomicrobiomes belong to diverse phyla of domain archaea, bacteria and eukarya, in which predominant of members are Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria. These beneficial rhizomicrobiomes could be used as bio inoculants for agricultural sustainability.


Keyword:     Agricultural sustainability Biodiversity Rhizosphere Plant Growth Microbiomes


Citation:

Yadav AN, Kour D, Yadav N. Rhizospheric microbiomes for agricultural sustainability. JApp Biol Biotech. 2024;12(1):i-iii. http://doi.org/10.7324/JABB.2024.1677713

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

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Reference

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