Author's Guidelines


Journal of Applied Biology & Biotechnology follows ICMJE: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. Please visit http://www.icmje.org/ for details regarding editorial and peer-review policies.

Preparation of Manuscript 

The manuscript should be typed in English, double-spaced on standard-sized — paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all sides. Times New Roman font 12 pt should be used. The fonts used in the text as well as graphics should be restricted to Times New Roman, Symbol and Zapf Dingbats.

1. Title page

The title page should contain a clear, concise and informative title of the article followed by the names and affiliations of the authors. The affiliation should comprise the department, institution (usually university or company), city, and state (or nation) and should be typed as a footnote to the author's name. The Corresponding Author must indicate his or her complete mailing address, office/cellular phone number, fax number, and email address at the lower left of the Title Page. Authors should ensure that their manuscript(s) must be falls within aims and scope. Authors are required to indicate the specific subject area, mentioned in aims and scope, on the top of the title page. For example; Microbiology, Biotechnology or Structural biology etc.

2. Article Structure

Articles should be devided in clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should also be numbered for example: 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc.

2.1 Abstract

The abstract should not more than 200 words and should contain objectives, material and methods, Results and Conclusions. Reviews and mini reviews also require an abstract. Abstract should not be structured (should be as single paragraph). Abstract must be followed by four-six keywords.

2.2 Introduction

This should be brief and indicates aim of the study and the essential back ground information. Introduction should clearly state the hypothesis or purpose statement, how and why the purpose or hypothesis was developed and why the author deems it important.

2.3 Material and methods

Please provide concise but complete information about the material and the analytical, statistical and experimental procedures used. This part should be as clear as possible to enable other scientists to repeat the research presented. The use of subheadings to divide the text is encouraged. Primary headings should be in BOLD CAPITAL LETTERS. Secondary or subheadings should be in Bold sentence case. Third level subheadings should be in Italicized sentence Case. In case of animal experiments authors must give the details of ethical approval.

2.4 Result and Discussion

Data acquired from the research with appropriate statistical analysis described in the methods section should be included in this section. In this part, the same data/ information given in a table must not be repeated in a figure, or vice versa. Tables and Figures should be self explanatory and it is not acceptable to repeat extensively the numerals from tables into text and give lengthy and unnecessary explanations of the Tables and Figures. Discussion should relate the results to current understanding of the scientific problems being investigated in the field.

2.5 Conclusion

This section should clearly explain the main conclusions of the work highlighting its importance and relevance.

2.6 References

References should be numbered consecutively throughout the article, beginning with [1] for the first-cited reference. References should be listed at the end of the paper in the order in which they appear in the text.

References should be cited in the text by numericals in square bracket. For example;

…… Cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction are targeted in the strategy of cancers therapy [1]. Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is a multi-step process that is important to eliminate damaged or abnormal cells [2]. Chemopreventive agents comprise a diverse group of compounds with different mechanisms of action, but, their ultimate ability to induce apoptosis may represent a unifying concept for the mechanism of chemoprevention [3]……

Authors should ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).

2.6.1 Journal article

Ramesh CK, Rehman A, Prabhakar BT, Vijay Avin BR, Aditya Rao SJ. Antioxidant potential in sprouts vs. seeds of Vigna radiata and Macrotyloma uniflorum. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2011; 1(3):99-103.

2.6.2 Reference to a book:

Strunk Jr W, White EB. The elements of style. 4th ed. New York: Longman; 2000.

2.6.3 Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones BS, Smith RZ, editors. Introduction to the electronic age, New York: E-Publishing Inc; 2009, p. 281–304.

2.6.4 Electronic Material
CD-ROM:

Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

Journal article on the Internet:

Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld. org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htmArticle

Article with document number in place of traditional pagination:

Williams JS, Brown SM, Conlin PR. Videos in clinical medicine. Blood-pressure measurement. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jan 29;360(5):e6.

Article with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Zhang M, Holman CD, Price SD, Sanfilippo FM, Preen DB, Bulsara MK. Comorbidity and repeat admission to hospital for adverse drug reactions in older adults: retrospective cohort study. BMJ. 2009 Jan 7;338:a2752. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a2752.

Monograph on the Internet:

Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.

Homepage/Web site:

Cancer-Pain.org [Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from http://www.cancer-pain.org/

Please visit; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html for more details about reference style.

Acknowledgement

All acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the very end of the paper before the references and may include supporting grants, presentations, and so forth.

Tables & Figures

Tables and figures should not be embedded in the text, but should be included at the end of the manuscript on separate pages. Tables should be created with a word processor and cited consecutively in the text. To ensure the highest print quality, your figures must be submitted in JPEG/JPG/TIF format with minimum 300 dpi or higher resolutions. Captions/legends will be placed below figures and adjusted to 10 font size.

Abbreviations

Standard abbreviations should be used throughout the manuscript. All nonstandard abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and must be defined in the text following their first use.

Article Processing Charges (APCs)

Authors are required to pay Rs. 1800/- (Indian Authors) or USD 75 (foreign authors) for APCs upon acceptance of manuscript. APCs are applicable only to the accepted articles.

Note: These charges are calculated for a standard length article with maximum 20 pages in MS-Word. Additional page charges will be applicable for the articles beyond this limit.