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Volume: 3, Issue: 5, Sep-Oct, 2015
DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2015.3502

Research Article

Screening and evaluation of non-heterocystous filamentous cyanobacteria for lipid and commercially viable fatty acids

Indrama Thingujam1, Tiwari Onkar Nath1, Ojit Singh Keithellakpam1, Gunapati Oinam1, Avijeet Singh Oinam1, Sarabati Kangjam1, Bidyababy Thiyam1, Indira Wangkhem1, Silvia Chungkham1, Subhalaxmi Aribam1, Romi Khangembam1, Thadoi Angom1, Sharma Gauri Dutt2

  Author Affiliations


Abstract

Thirty eight unialgal non-heterocystous filamentous cyanobacteria were isolated from rice fields of Manipur, India; cultured as unialgal, deposited to the national repository of cyanobacteria and microalgae and obtained accession number. All these strains were screened and investigated for the production of total lipid and commercially viable fatty acids in culture condition. Equal amount of total lipid (3%) was produced by Limnothrix vacuolifera BTA05, Plectonema boryanum BTA16, Plectonema nostocorum BTA47, Lyngbya laxespiralis BTA85 and Lyngbya norgardhii BTA184 in exponential growth phase. The commercially viable fatty acids, namely; palmitic acid (C16:0), palmitoleic acid (C16:1), oleic acid (C18:1n9c), linoleic acid (C18:2n6c) and γ- linolenic acid (C18:3n6) were focused in present study. The investigation revealed that Plectonema notatum BTA88 yielded high content of palmitic acid (27.9%); Oscillatoria agardhii BTA170 of palmitoleic acid (8.90%); Lyngbya martensiana BTA640 of oleic acid (56.2%); Phormidium faveolarum BTA20 (11.8%) in linoleic acid and Phormidium boryanum BTA16 of γ- linolenic acid (8.82%). These organism were considered as the potential candidates for fatty acids profiling, however palmitic acid C16:0 was common and recorded in all 38 examined strains.

Keywords:

Cyanobacteria, Fatty acids, Lipids, Non-heterocystous, Rice fields.



Citation: How to cite this article: Indrama T., Tiwari O.N., Ojit S.K., Gunapati O., Avijeet S.O., Sarabati K., Bidyababy T., Indira W., Silvia Ch., Subhalaxmi A., Romi K., Thadoi A., Sharma G.D. Screening and evaluation of non-heterocystous filamentous cyanobacteria for lipid and commercially viable fatty acids. J App Biol Biotech. 2015; 3 (05): 011-014. DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2015.3502


Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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