Home > Past Issue

Volume: 3, Issue: 3, May-June, 2015
DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2015.3305

Research Article

Evaluation of Spent Mushroom Substrate as biofertilizer for growth improvement of Capsicum annuum L.

Somnath Roy, Shibu Barman, Usha Chakraborty, Bishwanath Chakraborty


Influence of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) of oyster mushroom and button mushroom on the improvement of health status of Capsicum annuum L. was investigated. Analysis of growth promotion in terms of height, no of branches, yield and no of leaf drop indicated that the use of the spent mushroom substrate of oyster mushroom and spent compost of button mushroom had a positive effect on the overall growth of the tested plants. SMS had a role in mobilizing the soil phosphate which was evident by a decrease in soil phosphate level and increase in root and leaf phosphate following treatment with SMS. Chlorophyll content of plants increased when treated with oyster mushroom fresh substrate and button mushroom leachate compost. Fruits of plants treated with button mushroom leachate compost and oyster mushroom fresh substrate showed an increase in protein content of about 2.5 times over control. Similarly, carotenoid contents of fruits also increased significantly in the treated plants, but increases in leaves were not significant. It is evident from the present study that the use of different form of spent mushroom substrate of oyster mushroom and spent compost of button mushroom led to the overall increase in growth of Capsicum annuum L.

Keywords: Capsicum annum, Chlorophyll, Plant growth, Spent Mushroom Substrate.


1. Robbins, S.H. Reghetti, T.L. Fallahi, E. Dixon, A.R. Chaplin, M.H. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 1986, 17, 457-471.

2. Chorover, R.H. Fox Hatcher, C.P. Romaine. (Final Research Project Report \— Mushroom Industry Farmer-based Applied Research Program (MIFBAR) (The Pennsylvania State University) 2000; 87.

3. Philippoussis A, Zervakis G I, Diamantpoulou P, Papadopoulou K and Ehaliotis C. Use of spent mushroom compost as a substrate for plant growth and against plant infections caused by Phytophthora. Mushroom Science. 2004; 16: 579\—584.

4. Lau K L, Tsang Y Y and Chiu S W. Use of spent mushroom compost to bioremediate PAH-contaminated samples. Chemosphere. 2003; 52: 1539\—1546.

5. Pill, W.G., T.A. Evans and S.A Garrison. Forcing white asparagus in various substrates under cool and warm regimes. Hort Sci, 1993; 28: 996-998.

6. Ahlawat O.P., Gupta Pardeep, Kumar Satish and Sharma, D.K. Bioremediation of fungicides by spent mushroom substrate and its associated microflora. Indian J. Microbiology, 2010; 50(4) : 390-395.

7. Ahlawat, OP, Manikandan, K, Sagar, MP, Rai Dev and Vijai, B. Effect of composted button mushroom spent substrate on yield, quality and disease incidence of Pea (Pisum sativum). Mushroom research, 2011; 20 (2): 87-94.

8. Beyer M. The impact of mushroom industry on the environment. Mushroom News, 1996; 44: 6-13.

9. Kaddous, F.G.A. and A. S. Morgan. Spent mushroom compost and deep litter fowl manure as soil amelioration for vegetables. In: Proc. Of Surface Soil Management, Rotorava, New Zealand, 1986; p. 138-147.

10. Riahi H and Arab A. Spent mushroom compost as an alternative for casing soil. Mushroom Science. 2004; 16: 585\—589.

11. Riahi H and Azizi A. Leached SMC as a component and replacement for peat in casing soil and increasing dry matter in mushrooms. In: Proceedings of 2nd International Spent Mushroom Substrate Symposium, ed. K. Paley. 2006; 41\—46.

12. Riahi H, Afagh H V and Sheidai M. The first report of spent mushroom compost (SMC) leaching from Iran. Acta Horticulturae. , 1998; 469: 473\—480.

13. Debosz K, Petersen S O, Kure L K and Ambus P. Evaluating effects of sewage sludge and household compost on soil physical, chemical and microbiological properties. Applied Soil Ecology, 2002; 19: 237\—248,

14. Vandenkoornhuyse, P. Baldauf, S.L. Larval, C. Straczek, J. Young, J.P.W. Science, 2002, 295, 2051.

15. Crecchio C, Curci M, Mininni R, Ricciuti P and Ruggiero P. Short term effects of municipal solid waste compost amendments on soil carbon and nitrogen content, some enzyme activities and genetic diversity. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 2001; 34: 311\—318.

16. Eom AH, Hartnett DC and Wilson GWT. Oceologia, 2000; 122, 435-444.

17. Hyakumachi M. Plant-growth-promoting fungi from turfgrass rhizosphere with potential for disease suppression. Soil Microorganisms. 1994;44:53\—68.

18. Shivanna MB, Meera MS and Hyakumachi M. Crop Protection, 1996; 15: 497-504.

19. Knudsen D, Beegle D. Recommended Phosphorous tests. In: Recommended chemical soil tests procedures for the north central region. Dahnke W.C. (ed), Bull North Dakota Agric Exp Stn. North Dakota USA, 1988; 499.122-125.

20. Arnon DI. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology, 1994; 4(1):1-16.

21. Bending GD, Poole EJ, Whipps JA and Read DJ. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2002; 39: 219-227.

22. Roy S, Sunar K., De U. and Chakraborty BN. Influence of Selective Bioresources on Seedling Vigour and Growth of Cicer arietinum L. in Field Conditions. Advanced Crop Science, 2013; 3(10): 662\—670

23. Rillig M C, Wright S F and Eviner V T. Plant and Soil Sciences, 2002; 238: 325-333.

24. Smith SE and Read DJ. Mycorrhizal symbiosis (London: Academic Press), 1997.

25. Howard LR, Talcott ST, Brenes CH and Villalon B.Changes in phytochemical and antioxidant activity of selected pepper cultivars (Capsicum species) as influenced by maturity. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000; 48:1713\—1720.

26. Wall MM, Waddell CA and Bosland PW. Variation in beta-carotene and total carotenoid content in fruits of Capsicum. Hort Science, 2001; 36:746\—749.

How to cite this article:
Somnath Roy, Shibu Barman, Usha Chakraborty and Bishwanath Chakraborty. Evaluation of Spent Mushroom Substrate as biofertilizer for growth improvement of Capsicum annuum L. J App Biol Biotech. 2015; 3 (03): 022-027.